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Septimius Severus Essay

1755 words - 7 pages

There are many Roman emperors and there are a few that people see as experiencing success. In a recent survey by worldaffairsboard.com Augustus, Marcus Aurelius and Trajan were voted as the best. Septimius Severus who was also a great emperor was not even on the list. There are many things that go into making a good emperor such as military strength, taxes and life of the people in Rome. Septimius Severus was a great emperor because he had many of these needed qualities. He had some admirable wins in war and also helped the Roman Empire to grow. Septimius Severus greatly improved life for soldiers in the army and also did great things for people in Rome. During his tenure as emperor of Rome he made many improvements that greatly helped improve life in Rome. However, Septimius Severus’ great accomplishments and reforms did not last long because of the emperors that followed him.
Roman emperors must have many good attributes for them to be successful and liked by the Roman people. An emperor must excel in the military by keeping the country under control and conquering new lands. The emperor must also be able to lead and control his people. Another thing that is needed for a good Roman emperor is a person who can treat people well and also take care of them. Lastly, you must spend money well and leave Rome in good conditions when you die. Being a Roman emperor is a hard thing to do and you must also be careful about how you do it.
Before Septimius became emperor he held some civilian and military jobs, was appointed as a senator by Marcus Aurelius and was even governor of a region on the Danube River (Matyszak 130). These positions all led up to his journey of becoming emperor. After Commodus was assassinated and Pertinax died there was a race to become emperor. Three groups of people, the army, the senate and the Praetorians, were vying for power. The army sent three people from three different divisions to try and become emperor. Septimius Severus’ was one of the three and his region along the Danube was able to expand his control which helped him in his quest to be emperor (Boatwright, Gargola, Talbert 406). When Septimius went to Rome with his army from the Danube he was given imperial powers by the senate (Matyszak 131).When Augustus became emperor however he was mean and sneaky. He made the Romans turn against the current ruler Antony so that they would throw him out. For example, he illegally obtained Antony’s will and read it to the Roman people. Antony’s will had information like the fact that he would give all his money to his children by Cleopatra of Egypt and that he would like his body returned to her. This event was the last straw for the Romans and the senate declared war on Antony. Augustus became emperor in a devious way whereas Septimius Severus was the best man for the position and truthfully received the position (roman-empire.net).
Septimius Severus was very knowledgeable and also victorious in war. Shortly, after...

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