This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Sex And Short Term Memory Essay

1485 words - 6 pages

​One of the most common narratives portrayed in the media consists of the bumbling husband or boyfriend who has forgotten about his partner's birthday, or their one-year anniversary, or even Valentine's Day. He scrambles around frantically in an attempt to disguise his lack of preparedness, lest his partner discover how poor he is at remembering crucial and symbolic milestones. Regardless of whether or not he succeeds, hilarity generally ensues and the stereotype of the careless, insensitive male is further cemented in popular culture. Indeed, the general population does express the belief that women have a better memory than men, and it is tough to say whether this recurring theme in entertainment is a product of this belief, or if it is the influence that has lead to the widespread assumption that women are better at remembering (Knox 1; Loftus et al. 19). In any case, research has shown that this universal notion can only be partially validated; while women are generally superior when it comes to long-term memory and aspects of short-term memory such as multitasking and remembering faces, men excel in other areas that require an equally high short-term memory capacity ("Sex Differences in Memory"; Knox 3; Speck et al. 2583).

​Short-term memory (STM) is defined by Revlin as the system that facilitates the successful performance of "moment-to-moment" activities, such as retaining mental shopping lists and remembering phone numbers (119). As implied by its name, STM describes the compartment of the human mind that can only hold so much information—about 7 unrelated items—for approximately 18 seconds at a time (Revlin 120-125). Baddeleyrefers to the mechanical component of STM that is not concerned with storage as "working memory," in order to "emphasize its functional role as a system that underpinscomplex cognitive activities... [and] supports our capacity for mental work and coherent thought" (43). There are a number of theories and models that have been developed to determine the capacity, duration, retrieval aspects, and functional organization of any given individual's STM (Revlin 120-129; Speck et al. 2581). The questions of if and how gender plays a role in a person's STM capabilities and working memory is one that has been visited and revisited over time, but has generally yielded fairly consistent results: one sex does not dominate the other in terms of which has a more functional STM, rather, men and women maintain their own respective skills regarding different areas of STM ("Sex Differences in Memory"; Loftus et al. 82).

​Women maintain superiority in the following STM-related skillsets: facial recognition, verbal memory, and multi-tasking. In an experiment conducted by Knox et al., men and women were asked to examine a "virtual room" that featured photographs of faces hanging on each wall (2). Upon exiting, they were then asked to match the photos to their corresponding places on the walls of the virtual room; the men...

Find Another Essay On Sex and Short-Term Memory

The Control Processes of Short and Long Term Memory

1194 words - 5 pages repeat it to ourselves ( acoustic), and it has to be significant to us otherwise we would have a need to remember it (semantic). Memory Storage Storage in the human memory is the second of the three processes. The process of storing information involves filtering out and filing information so our brain does not experience an information overload. The information our brain receives can be stored into our long-term, short-term or sensory

Link between Verbal Fluency and Phonological Short-Term Memory in Simultaneous Bilinguals and Monolinguals

2242 words - 9 pages noted before the topic is worth the attention and future research should attempt to yield reliable results (Kaushankaya et al., 2011). The present research aims to look at the link between Verbal Fluency and Phonological short-term memory in simultaneous bilinguals and monolinguals. Results from numerous studies have suggested that bilinguals have both their languages activated even when a task is language selective (De Groot, 1992; Francis

Miller's Theory of Short-Term Memory and 7 plus/minus 2

825 words - 3 pages Miller's Theory of Short-Term Memory and 7 plus/minus 2Theory: Miller's Theory of Short-Term Memory and 7 plus/minus 2Miller's theory is founded on the basis that the human mental capacity has a finite span of immediate or short term memory which has shown to be approximately seven chunks of data plus or minus two (Miller,1994). His original work was printed in the Psychology Review in 1956 and is still being analyzed and cited today by those

Free Recall vs. Cued Recall in Short Term Memory

640 words - 3 pages data. The next stage, called the consolidation phase, stores the information and leads into the third stage, the retrieval phase, which makes the stored information readily accessible for future use. Along with the three stage process, memory can consist of three different types of systems: sensory memory, short term memory, and long term memory. The most instantaneous type of memory, which can usually preserve an auditory or visual source that is

Short-Term Memory Loss in Finding Nemo’s Dori

809 words - 4 pages quirky condition. Nemo himself has a physical disability (his “lucky fin”) that he learns to overcome in order to develop self-confidence. Marlin also exhibits anxiety and trust issues, which he overcomes throughout the course of the movie. One of the main characters, Dory, has a specific disability that she must learn to adapt to in order to complete her journey: short-term memory loss. Dory is perhaps the most beloved character in Finding

Effects of BackGround Music on Phonological Short-Term Memory

1300 words - 5 pages . Psychological Science, 9(6), 490-493. Lachman, M. E., Weaver, S. L., Bandura, M., Elliot, E., & Lewkowicz, C. J. (1992). Improving memory and control beliefs through cognitive restructuring and self-generated strategies. Journal of Gerontology, 47(5), P293-P299. Salamé, P., & Baddeley, A. (1989). Effects of background music on phonological short-term memory. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 41(1), 107-122. Thaut, M. H., & de l'Etoile

Free recall from short-term memory and long-term memory

1208 words - 5 pages IntroductionVisual search, the task of finding a target among distractors, is a common task in our daily lives. Whether we are searching for the remote control among a clutter of objects on table, a face in the crowd at the local bus stop, or a meal listing on the menu at the fast-food restaurant, we rely on the mechanism of visual search and attention each and every day. The ease of search depends primarily on how distinguishable the target of

Short and Long Memory

642 words - 3 pages The main difference between short-term memory and long-term memory is the capacity that each one has. According to Michael E. Martinez, the two memories work together forming the cognitive architecture or the mind’s basic structure. In the short-term memory, a person can only think of a few ideas at a time. One of the characteristics of the short-term memory is that has a small capacity for storing information compared to the long-term memory

Short-term and Long-term Personal Financial Planning Goals

854 words - 4 pages The success of any project or goal requires good planning. The objectives that we set are for the short and/or the long term. In my case, I have short and long-term financial goals. All my short-term goals are already in the starting point, which means I already plan or started implemented the different steps to reach the final point or the expected outcome. On the other hand, for my long-term financial goals, I taught about them but I haven’t

Strategic Planning: Short-Term and Long-Term Goals

968 words - 4 pages Strategic health care management is becoming the primary focus as it is crucial to deal with today’s changing health care landscape. The increasingly growing competitiveness and challenging health care legislative mandate collaborative leadership approaches that synchronize and involve all stakeholders in strategic planning. This is particularly important when determining both long-term and short-term strategic goals. As an example of successful

The Crusades: Short Term and Long Term Effects

1470 words - 6 pages led too many effects throughout years. There were short term effects and long term effects from the crusades that effected people of all different cultures. Two places which have had many effects from the Crusades are Europe and Islam. The Crusades has had short term and long term effects on power, economic and classical knowledge throughout Europe and Islam. In order for the crusades to begin, the Christians needed to gather an army to travel

Similar Essays

Short Term And Long Term Memory

1245 words - 5 pages Encoding and retrieval are essential to the workings of the memory, and the fact that there are two main kinds of memory – short term and long term – is significant. Short term memory holds information for fairly short intervals, whereas long term memory stores information for a far longer amount of time. The relationship between both, as some Psychologists claim, is envisaged by stage theory. When information is encoded

Short Term Memory Theory Essay

825 words - 3 pages Miller's Theory of Short-Term Memory and 7 plus/minus 2Theory: Miller's Theory of Short-Term Memory and 7 plus/minus 2Miller's theory is founded on the basis that the human mental capacity has a finite span of immediate or short term memory which has shown to be approximately seven chunks of data plus or minus two (Miller,1994). His original work was printed in the Psychology Review in 1956 and is still being analyzed and cited today by those

Short Term Memory Concept Paper

611 words - 2 pages Short Term MemoryImagine this, you have a huge test today and you forgot to study. When you realize that you need to study you try cramming your brain with your notes and information so that you will remember them when the test comes. Well, as soon as the test hits the table you blank out. Many of us have been there and can relate this to this due to the small capacity of your short- term memory.Short-term memory is memory for recent events that

The Interactions Between Short Term Memory And Long Term Memory: What Is The Messaging Protocol?

2060 words - 9 pages The Interactions between Short-Term Memory and Long-Term Memory: What is the Messaging Protocol? 1. Introduction Computers store data in memory, and simulate human memory when they achieve this. It might be easy to predict the mechanism of how computer memory works, but the function of human memory is much more sophisticated. Basically, the role of memory is to retain information, store them and retrieve when it is necessary. According to Bunuel