Sex Based Generalization In Freud Essay

584 words - 2 pages

In 'Boys and girls: The development of gender roles,' Beale gives usrevealing overview of Freud's personality theory. Beale point out bothstrengths and weaknesses of his answer to the questions of 'Why' and 'How'in gender development, but still leaves a chance for a reader to make upher/his own mind about whether or not to accept Freud's theory. It isrelatively easy, however, to find oneself torn between openheartedly goingalong with Freud's idea about the existence of a dynamic system (or libido)in us, and reacting against the ease and assurance with which Freud writesabout castration fear in boys and penis envy in girls.Freud's view of personality as a dynamic system of psychologicalenergy is a very complex, yet insightful approach to the development ofpersonality. The nature of the id, ego, and superego, and the psychosexualstages that these three structures focus on during a course of one'sdevelopment, give a plethora of reasons to believe in the existence of acritical period in gender development. Freud's theory suggests that the wayin which the id, ego, and superego evolve and the way in which theyproliferate in the first six years of a child's life will influence thechild's emotional attachment to her/his parent of the same sex and, asconsequence, the child's gender identification.I would agree with Freud's statement that children undergo a certainemotional crisis after becoming aware of their genitals. It must be somewhatfrustrating for, e.g., a three year-old to realize that reaching apleasurable emotional state does not necessarily have to originate fromher/his mother. Unable to cognitively create an explanation to a new,unexpected flow of circumstances and feelings, the child is most likely toend up confused. This confusion will inevitably provoke anxiety, and theanxiety will build up an emotional...

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