Sex Offenders Four Domains Of Criminogenic Needs Assessment

2734 words - 11 pages

This essay begins with the introduction of the Risk-Needs-Responsivitiy Model which was developed to assess offending and offer effective rehabilitation and treatment (Andrews & Bonta, 2007). The R-N-R model “remains the only empirically validated guide for criminal justice interventions that aim to help offenders” (Polashek, 2012, p.1) consisting of three principles which are associated with reductions in recidivism of up to 35% (Andrew & Bonta, 2010); risk, need and responsivity. Firstly, the risk principle predicts the offenders risk level of reoffending based on static and dynamic factors, and then matched to the degree of intervention needed. Secondly, the R-N-R targets individual’s criminogenic needs, in relation to dynamic factors. Lastly, the responsivity principle responds to specific responsivity e.g. individual needs and general responsivity; rehabilitation provided on evidence-based programming (Vitopoulous et al, 2012).

This R-N-R model will be used to assess the case of Jamie Wilson, focusing on the assessment of his criminogenic needs in relation to his offence, as changing these dynamic factors can reduce the probability of recidivism (Andrew & Bonta, 2010). Furthermore, this essay will consider the risk and responsivity in regards to Jamie Wilson’s case. Jamie aged 27, has been convicted of a rape of a child and sentenced to eight years custody. The victim aged 12, was approached by Jamie on the way home from school and sexually assaulted. Jamie has no previous convictions of this type; however he has convictions for shop-theft, drinking and driving with no insurance.

The needs principle of the R-N-R consists of four domains of criminogenic needs as discussed below. The first domain deviant sexual interest will be applied to Jamie Wilson. Previous research regarding deviant sexual interest has “established that it is not excessive sexual arousal but the patterns of sexual arousal of deviants that are generally different” (Marshall & Barbaree, 1978, p.295). Although Jamie has been convicted of a child rape, he denied sexual attraction to children and has no prior rape convictions, suggesting that Jamie has no specific deviant interest in children. It would be suggested to investigate this further due to committing a sexual act on a child. A direct physiological measurement such as a penile plethysmograph could be applied to assess if Jamie has any sexual deviant arousal. However, only a minority of offenders demonstrate sexual arousal when being measured by a PPG (Worling, 2012). It could be beneficial to use a viewing time measurement such as Abel Assessment due to internal consistency and greater validity (Worling, 2012). However, even though Worling (2012) discusses the benefits of VT, he found that these measurements could not differentiate sexual offenders with female child victims from other victim groups (Worling, 2006). Therefore, this could be problematic when assessing if Jamie Wilson has deviant sexual...

Find Another Essay On Sex Offenders- Four Domains of Criminogenic Needs Assessment

What is Assessment? Who Needs To Assess? Effects of Traditional Tests etc

1223 words - 5 pages comparisons over a period of time. Assessment may affect decisions about grades, advancement, placement, instructional needs, and curriculum.Purposes of AssessmentThe reasons why we assess vary considerably across many groups of people within the educational community.Who Needs To Assess? Purposes of AssessmentPolicymakers use assessment to: * Set standards * Focus on goals * Monitor the quality of education * Reward/sanction various practices

Sex Work and the Law: A Critical Analysis of Four Policy Approaches to Adult Prostitution

1810 words - 7 pages Throughout Sex Work and the Law: A Critical Analysis of Four Policy Approaches to Adult Prostitution Frances Shaver discusses the need for change for women working as prostitutes. Shaver explains the ongoing problem surrounding prostitution in Canada and provides four possible ways to resolve the issue in her work. Three well thought out points Shaver writes about are the health benefits as well as personal safety for the women in the sex

Culminating assignment for civics which details how I would creat awareness to change the outdated law of the sex offenders act.

584 words - 2 pages sex offenders molest an average of 117 children in their lifetime. An in depth look at our current practices and their effectiveness needs to be conducted. What improvements can be made? Can the problem be rehabilitated through treatment? Should these people even be allowed to re-enter society? We have to look at the statistics, and examine the patterns of repeat offenders in order to create laws that effectively deal with the findings. Our current laws do not address the repetitive nature of the crime.

America Needs Broader Use of Clemency to Free Nonviolent Offenders

1275 words - 5 pages power during her leadership. The State of Michigan stated that the use of clemency was beneficial to the state budget that housing an overpopulation of Life With Out Parole (LWOP) offenders. It cost the Unites States a significant amount of tax dollars to incarcerates the greatest number of offenders than any country. According to University of California Press, “Burgeoning population has included a small but significant number of aging

Placeholder

590 words - 2 pages offenders are those that incorporate dynamic risk factors through the measurement of criminogenic needs.In addition, the strength of the anti-social attitude factor that was identified in the aforementioned meta-analyses is extended by research that has shown predictive validity when anti-social attitudes and orientations are measured by a dynamic risk/needs assessment.When Simourd and researcher Wagdy Loza assessed anti-social attitudes using

What do Americans Think of Sexual Offenders?

1569 words - 6 pages -supportive attitudes and impulsivity. The authors of this study argued that treatment for low-risk sexual offenders should strictly be focused upon the strongly supported risk factors mentioned previously. The authors argue that risk factors such as anxiety and depression are non-criminogenic needs, and they show little relationship to criminal offending and re-offending. In the second article of my findings, I came across, "Can Sexual Offenders be

Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies

1119 words - 4 pages Community corrections professionals use strategies to monitor sex offenders. The main three general categories of supervision are statutory mandates, treatment, and electronic monitoring devices. Due to the fact that sex offenders are the hardest to supervise, there needs to be effective strategies. This group is the hardest to supervise because a sexual act can occur at anytime and anywhere in a quick timeframe. Statutory Mandates The

Understanding the Predictive Factors of Sexual Offenders

2559 words - 10 pages anxiety, depression, withdrawal, and compulsivity, finally sexualization refers to impersonal sex, sexual preoccupation, and sexual compulsivity (Lussier et al, 2008). Of these three pathways or antecedents to deviant sexual behavior, the study explores which one or which combination has a higher predictor of leading to commit a sexual offense. The study included 553 sexual offenders. Each individual was assessed using sociodemographic

Evidence Bases Practices

1765 words - 8 pages Crime & Justice Institute, the goal of the risk/needs assessment is to, “develop and maintain a complete system of ongoing offender risk screening/triage and needs assessments. Sizing-up offenders in a reliable and valid manner is a prerequisite for the effective management (supervision and retreatment) of offenders” (3). Every offender is different; therefore, a in-depth assessment of each offender can provide a clear direction created

Offender Classification and Therapy

1488 words - 6 pages is with male offenders (Van Voorhis et al., 2008). While the original risk assessment models were helpful in achieving a basic glance at offender behavior risks, it lacked the quality assessment tools needed to not only determine whether an offender was going to be a danger while institutionalized or the community once paroled, but to fully offer options for rehabilitation. More recently, the combination of risk/needs assessments have changed

Texas State Laws on Sexual Offenders

1505 words - 6 pages be extreme and unfair to the offenders. Activists claim that because of the stigma, some of the offenders tend to lead isolated lives and in cases end up going back to the same crime since society has not tried hard enough to re-accept them. One of the requirements that was however successfully appealed in 2013 by four sex offenders required that sex offenders provide this information on their Facebook profile (Associated Press). In some case

Similar Essays

Recidivism Of Sex Offenders Essay

2608 words - 10 pages Sex offenders have been a serious problem for our legal system at all levels, not to mention those who have been their victims. There are 43,000 inmates in prison for sexual offenses while each year in this country over 510,000 children are sexually assaulted(Oakes 99). The latter statistic, in its context, does not convey the severity of the situation. Each year 510,000 children have their childhood's destroyed, possibly on more than one

Assessment Of Students' Special Needs Essay

1829 words - 7 pages students with disabilities or learning difficulties which is called assessment. Assessment is defined as “ the process of gathering information about a student’s abilities or behaviour for the purpose of making decisions about the student” (Elliott, Braden, & White, 2001,p.12). it is used to decide if students with special needs are eligible for special education services and, if eligible, to decide what are these services (Reschly, 1996; Browder

Stop The Harassment Of Sex Offenders

1216 words - 5 pages ). Twenty-four sex offenders, who must register for life, reside in Cabell County (Moses 3 C).         Still, federal law mandates that every state keep a sex offender register. They do not need to publish them. I think that the register should be in the hands of the police, and, in the case of child molesters, the board of education as well. The publishing of these registers would, most likely, cause a detrimental effect within the community

Needs Assessment Of Lgbtqi Health Literacy

2720 words - 11 pages policies and change plans. Appendix A Learner Needs Assessment: Observation of Nurse Interaction Date of Observation: Observation Setting (Circle one): ED Inpatient 1. Did the nurse inquire about Individual Considerations that included LGBTQI topics or use framing to elicit information? Yes No 2. Did the nurse elicit details of the patient’s family structure when the patient identified as “unmarried” using terms