Sex Offenders: To Castrate Or Not To Castrate

1192 words - 5 pages

The act of rape is arguably one of the worse crimes that can be committed against another person. In the last few years there has been much debate about whether sex offenders should be castrated either voluntarily or as a forced treatment. There are a number of arguments for and against chemical or surgical castration being implemented against known sex offenders.
First it is important to explain the difference between surgical and chemical castration. Surgical castration is the removal of a man’s testicles, for the purpose of removing his reproductive abilities and to control the levels of testosterone being produced. It is questionable if surgical castration results in complete eradication of sexual desires, because the adrenal glands on the kidneys also produce testosterone, and could allow the man to still have sexual desires. This method of castration is controversial because it cannot be reversed. However the effects could be overturned with testosterone injections, which can be obtained on the streets, allowing the sex offender to regain penal function and sexual urges. Chemical castration also has the same effect but it involves an injection of antiandrogen to lower testosterone levels. The injection is a synthetic progestin, which tells the brain to inhibit the hormones that stimulate the testicles to produce testosterone. They work by tricking the brain into believing the body already has enough of the hormone, therefore the body stops producing it. As a result the levels of testosterone within the man’s body are reduced and his sexual desires are lowered. Unlike surgical castration, chemical castration is completely reversible. The injection remains in the bloodstream for six to eight weeks, but the effects significantly decline shortly after the injection. Much like all medications, the offender needs to have the correct dosage in order for the injection to be effective. Although chemical castration is not as abrasive and permanent as surgical castration it is still heavily criticized as a possible treatment for sex offenders (Harrison, 2007).
Although both forms of castration are viewed as barbaric, there are some arguments in favor of it. The most obvious one, being the fact it does lower levels of sexual desire in sex offenders. Literature shows low levels of testosterone, also allow the offender to feel more relaxed and passive, which enables them to have better control their violent and aggressive urges. This would allow castrated sex offenders to become contributing members of society (Carpenter, 1998). Another advantage of castration, which is supported by extensive research, shows combining both castration with other types of treatment greatly decreases recidivism risks. One study looked at the recidivism rates of twenty-four men; all were combining chemical castration and another form of therapy. Out of the twenty-four men who started the study only one participant committed a violent sex crime two and a half years...

Find Another Essay On Sex Offenders: To Castrate or Not To Castrate

to be or not to be

1047 words - 5 pages Tragic death plays a really big role in William Shakespeare’s Hamlet. Hamlet often considers death in many different perspectives, and definitely obsesses with the idea more so after his fathers’ death. Hamlet’s soliloquy is one of the most famous in literature, “To be or not to be, that is the question…” Hamlet’s dilemma is the pain of life that he must endure or the uncertainty of death. From the beginning of the play to the very last scene

Eveline: To Leave Or Not To Leave

634 words - 3 pages Eveline?s Decision: To Leave or Not to Leave In the short story ?Eveline?, James Joyce introduces us to the main character, a distraught young woman who is torn between the known and unknown. Eveline is an anxious, timid, indecisive woman balancing on the thin line between her past and future. Traveling to Buenos Aires with Frank would mean a new life for her. It seems almost obvious to the reader that Eveline would want to take advantage of her

Soliloquy: To Be or Not to Be

1235 words - 5 pages William Shakespeare’s “To be, or not to be” soliloquy delivered by our lead character Hamlet is arguably the most popular soliloquy in all of literature, but is it? The question isn’t if it is the most popular in all of literature, but is it even a true soliloquy? Is it even original thought by Shakespeare? We will examine these questions in greater detail by scrutinizing articles written about these very topics and see if there is any validity

to vote or not to vote

1649 words - 7 pages To Vote or Not to Vote, Is That Really a Question?      Are students properly informed in political areas? The question abounds while adults worry about weather students will vote for political views or weather they just agree with Bruce Springsteen. Astin says that “A democracy works only to the extent that the voter is well informed”(Astin 97). Astin believes that the only way to have a properly functioning democracy

To Divorce, or Not To Divorce?

642 words - 3 pages wrong reasons, their lives would constantly consist of trying to stay out of each other's way in order to stay happy. Divorce tears families apart to create a happier situation.When contemplating a divorce, the children involved often come to mind first. Many people fear a divorce will hurt a child emotionally and decide to wait until he or she grows up to get separated. They do not realize that a constantly bickering family can hurt children more

To Export or To Not Export

967 words - 4 pages TO EXPORT OR TO NOT EXPORT The Case Have you ever looked up to see the magnificent sight of a well designed building? The high arches that seem to reach to the sky, or the structural beams that seem to meld into the massive framework, they all come from the mind of an architect. Most architects belong to or work with a firm; this is the case with Sperry/MacLennan Architects and Planners. One of their junior partners, Mitch Brooks is looking

Affluenza: To Buy or Not To Buy

748 words - 3 pages Affluenza: To Buy or Not To Buy There is an epidemic widespread throughout the country. A highly contagious disease of being out of control; overconsumption, and the symptoms normally include compulsive shopping, high debt, overwork, a sense of entitlement, obsession with externals and "having it all," wastefulness, and stress. The disease is called affluenza, which is derived from the word “affluence,” meaning: abundant supply

To Be or Not To Be... King

1285 words - 5 pages because he never considered the possibility that she was not an accomplice or that her family was influencing her decisions. After concluding his sudden theory of Ophelia, Hamlet becomes terribly aggravated and tells her to “get thee to a nunnery” (III, i, 136). These words were not only offensive and damaging towards Ophelia, they also caused Hamlet to feel a momentary sense of control. This is vain because he expressed them in order to gain power

To Fit or Not to Fit?

1004 words - 5 pages and leave her. “At the bottom of his heart, Candide had no wish to marry Cunegonde” {138}, but he still did. Candide stays because of his loyalty and honor. This was also a temptation along the way for him to not complete his goal, for his loyalty he later discovers the secret to happiness. Many mentors and friends accompany Candide on his journey. Over time they join him until at the end he journeys with 7 or 8 people. Pangloss, Martin, and

To Return or Not Return to School

701 words - 3 pages can be very strenuous trying to make it to a set six o’clock evening class weekly where you may be penalized for tardiness and/or absences. Not only does my schedule fluctuate, but I work in another county, which also poses a problem. Once the travel time, potential for delays and the dependability, or shall I say undependability of my vehicle are factored in, I can sometimes find myself in a tight and stressful situation. With that being said

To Know or Not to Know

792 words - 3 pages To Know or Not to Know Every day children are born to women give birth to children that they have to give up for adoption for one reason or another. This reason usually plays an important role that determines whether the biological parent(s) want to stay in contact with the child and to be a part of his/her life. Although this reason may be very significant to the biological parents, it will most likely mean nothing to the child. Adopted

Similar Essays

Alternatives To Incarceration.This Paper Is About Options Available For Offenders That Do Not Require Jail Or Prison Terms.Raises The Question Of Cost Effectiveness.

868 words - 3 pages occurs.On of the newest and most publicized sanction program is shock incarceration, or boot camps. These programs vary in size, duration, location, control of entry (judiciary or department of corrections), the level of post-program supervision and in the level of training, education, or treatment programming provided. All of these programs are relatively brief, usually three to four months, and are designed for offenders who have not yet served time

Disclose Or Not To Disclose? Essay

509 words - 2 pages Disclose or not to disclose? That question usually arise at start of a new relationship, a new job or when meeting a new friend. Disclosing also happen with people we have known for some time. Scholars define self-disclosure as sharing information with others that they would not normally know or discover. My beliefs lie within every everyone of us. Everyone has their own way of defining self disclosure. My definition of self disclosure is

To Be Or Not To Be Barbie

1935 words - 8 pages pretty to succeed. In our time today you rarely see unattractive; politicians, movie stars, musicians, officials or entertainers. Anybody who is somebody these days has attractive physical qualities. In Marge Piercy’s poem she states “ She was healthy, tested intelligent, possessed strong arms and back, abundant sexual drive and manual dexterity.”(Piercy 7-9) If a young lady possesses all of these things then why would she not feel that she was

To Clone Or Not To Clone?

1780 words - 7 pages To Clone or Not to Clone? It's a boy!!! A loud shout comes from the delivery room; the doctor hands the newborn to the new father. The overjoyed parent takes the child, as images of football games and long talks about cars dance in his head. All the months of waiting are finally over, endless nights of wonder and worrying over what color the new baby's room should be pink or blue are now no longer