This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Sex Outside Of Marriage In Sixteenth Century Colonial Latin America

1378 words - 6 pages

Sex Outside of Marriage in Sixteenth Century Colonial Latin America Sexuality was an aspect of life that many religions struggled with in various cultures and religions throughout history and the Catholic Church in sixteenth century Colonial Latin America was no different. The Catholic Church made marriage into a sacrament and it created this sacrament in part to control and regulate when, where, and how sex should take place. The Church decreed that sex should only take place within the institution of marriage and only at certain times and in certain ways. However, after the Spanish conquest of the Americas, there was significant miscegenation between the Native Indian population and European Spaniards. It is quite clear that much of this racial mixing happened outside the institution of marriage, as well as recorded instances of homosexuality. There is ample evidence in both primary and secondary sources about sixteenth century Colonial Latin America that shows that although the Catholic Church sanctioned sex only within the boundaries of marriage, extra-marital sex was a common occurrence within all strata of society in Colonial Latin American during the sixteenth century.The elite in this era in Latin America were (almost without exception) the white, Spanish population and extra-marital sex among this elite class during the sixteenth century was rampant. Thomas A. Abercrombie's translation and analysis of court documents in the 2000 book Colonial Lives: Documents in Latin American History, 1550-1850 provides an excellent example of these instances of extra-marital sex in the 1595 court case in Charcas (modern day Sucre, Bolivia), in which Fernando de Medina confessed to killing his wife Beatriz González immediately after committing the crime. His reason for committing the crime was that he alleged that his wife had cheated on him with another man named Dr. Gerónimo de Tovar, a colleague of Fernando de Medina: "Everyone of my house, and other persons outside of it, have told me… that for over a year [Tovar] has had carnal relations with Beatriz González, my wife…" Medina used a well composed defense, the premise of which was that he had to restore the honor and public reputation he lost after his wife had cheated on him, and the audienca (the highest court in Colonial Latin America) did not punish him for this crime. Clearly, there was a precedent for this defense in these sorts of crimes. Even the punishments for women caught in the act of adultery were relatively mild: "If there is no way to have her appear in court without danger, the parish priest should only admonish her in secret." What this tells us is the following: a man's public reputation was important, something that was (at least in this case) worth killing for and more importantly, adultery (though in theory a very serious crime) was in reality something for which most people were only admonished lightly, a seemingly underwhelming punishment...

Find Another Essay On Sex Outside of Marriage in Sixteenth Century Colonial Latin America

Summary of Magdalena and Balthasar: Story of a Sixteenth Century Marriage

714 words - 3 pages Bayaan Elkhateeb HIST Marta Vicente 17, February, 2014 Book Analysis 1: Magdalena AND Balthasar Steven Ozment examines the marriage between a sixteenth century German merchant and his wife. The publication illustrates the adversities of a long distance marriage, the Black Plague that passed through Germany, the passing of little Balthasar, their only child, as well as the trade of business that assists the binding of the two and their union

European Colonial Powers from Sixteenth to Eighteenth Century Portugal, Spain, Holland, and Britain

2227 words - 9 pages , the East India Company of Dutch no longer existed (Hamilton, 1948), which may be a sign of the decline of Netherland. In the same time, Britain still remained “the leading colonial power”, as it was and would be (Hamilton, 1948). As we can see from the history, all of the four countries, Portugal, Spain, Holland, and Britain, to some extent, had once dominated the world outside Europe in the period from the sixteenth century to the eighteenth

America Needs Same-Sex Marriage and Families

1359 words - 5 pages In the state of Massachusetts, same sex marriage has been legal since 2004 and thousands of people have had the right to marry their partners. Although it was a long and difficult process, gay and lesbian couples no longer have to face marriage discrimination in Massachusetts due to their sexual orientation. However, many couples are still barred from this process through other individual state amendments. While it has been difficult to research

How the Salem Witch Trials relate to the changes occuring during the late 17th century in colonial British America

744 words - 3 pages Colonial America was bursting with changes throughout the late 17th century and into the early 18th century. A new time era known as "The Enlightenment" came about which brought many advances in medicine, science, botany, and education. Also, the "Great Awakening", a time of great religious revival flourished. A well known event, the Salem Witch Trials were known as an essential turning point in history. It showed how religion and government

Birth and Survival of the Anabaptists in the Sixteenth-Century

1890 words - 8 pages Throughout the sixteenth-century, the Church experienced a split within the belief system. After the Protestant reformation, beginning in 1517, some Protestants were still not content with all of the rules and doctrines that were set by the Catholic Church. As a result, some continued the reformation, going further than Luther, Calvin and others had begun. In 1525, a group separated themselves and became known as the Anabaptists. The

Everyday Life in Sixteenth Century France

1061 words - 4 pages changed, and the role people had in their jobs and family life change drastically. In the sixteenth century France was mainly a farming country. People lived in small communities and rarely died in a town other than where they were born (Gildea 42). Family life was quit simple, men married when they inherited land from their fathers or if a women’s family had land to give him. Women were around the ages of twenty-six to twenty seven when they

Base of the Pyramid in Latin America

4102 words - 16 pages Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 00 (2012) 000-000 www.elsevier.com/locate/procedia Available online at www.sciencedirect.com The 2012 International Conference on Asia Pacific Business Innovation & Technology Management The Role of Innovation at the Bottom of The Pyramid in Latin America: Eight Case Studies César Antúnez-de-Mayolo PAD School of Management, Aldebarán 160

The Evolution of Slavery in Colonial America

620 words - 3 pages In my essay, “The Evolution of Slavery in Colonial America” author Jon Butler explains the reasons of the traces of the evolution of slavery. Butler describes the differences of the African experience in America and the European experience in America in detail. The African experience are focus on themes of capture, enslavement, and coercion but the history of Europeans in America concentrated on themes of choice, profit, and considerable

Origins of slavery in Colonial America

511 words - 2 pages abolishment of slavery, imagine the societal conditioning people would have gone through then. This type of thinking by the colonists led to the dehumanization of the Africans in the eyes and minds of colonial society. Without this type of thinking the consciences of the colonists would scream at the decision to participate in the slave trade.Once the colonists were freed of the burden of seeing the Africans as people, they were free to see the option of

The Impact of Legislation on the Problem of Poverty in the Sixteenth Century

2704 words - 11 pages The Impact of Legislation on the Problem of Poverty in the Sixteenth Century The legislation for poverty in the sixteenth century was affected by a concoction of factors. The most prominent ones being, the conducting of the legislation, the changes in belief, and attitude of the people and the economy. The impact of the legislation is so difficult to measure as there were a number of local schemes, which emerged at the

Changes in the Role of Women Between the Sixteenth and the Twentieth Century

1411 words - 6 pages Over long periods of time change is often inevitable. One such instance of change throughout history is that of family members and their role in not only the family, but also in society as a whole. Although changes can be seen in the roles of every family member, it can be argued that the role of women in the family, especially that of mothers, changed the most. Between the sixteenth century and the twentieth century, the role that mothers

Similar Essays

The Indian Siutation In Colonial Latin America

886 words - 4 pages The Indian Siutation in Colonial Latin America The Indian situation in South America presented Spain with an interesting dilemma. At first, territorial expansion and the hunt for gold loomed over the New World, with Spain at the helm of the operation. Indians were obviously native of the area and their presence left Spain with several options if the New World was to become a "gold mine" of Spanish conquest. Economic progress took

Legalization Of Same Sex Marriage In America

1432 words - 6 pages Legalization of Same Sex Marriage in America I do! The marriage of homosexual couples is a hot topic right now. Many politicians have changed their position from against homosexual marriage to for homosexual marriage. These politicians include Senator (Sen.) Rob Portman, former President Bill Clinton, and current President Barack Obama ("Political flip-floppers," 2014). The federal and state governments need to support same sex marriages the

The Economic Systems Of Colonial Latin America & British North America

1074 words - 5 pages To what extent was the economic system of Colonial Latin America superior to that of British North America? Introduction To what extent was the economic system of Colonial Latin America superior to that of British North America? This essay will demonstrate how the economic system of Colonial Latin America was slightly superior to that of British North America during the 18th century, due to several factors. In particular, the abundance of

Same Sex Marriage In America Essay

1341 words - 5 pages The debate over same-sex marriage rights has risen to drastic heights over the past twenty years. Many people are for at least some form of equality or equal rights, but some groups are still against it. This ongoing debate has caused division among our nation. Between the Argument Politics in America greatly divide the nation. According to politics, you either vote liberally or conservatively. They say that “how you vote is who you are