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Sexual Ethics: Gay Marriage Should Not Be Allowed

1603 words - 6 pages

In today’s news and media, it seems that the topic of homosexuality and whether it is morally acceptable or unacceptable is brought up on a daily occurrence. Many individuals believe that homosexuality is a problem and ceremonies such as gay marriage should not be allowed. However, what is it that makes homosexuality considered wrong? Critics argue that homosexuality goes against the Bible—the word of God—and is immoral. The issue of homosexuality, however, is argued further when considering the topic of sexual ethics; homosexuality is not the only aspect of sexual ethics but also what is good and what is the purpose of sex and taboo situations such as incest, rape, pre-marriageable sex, monogamy and polygamy. Two philosophers, John Corvino and Alexander Pruss, argue their views on the matter of sexual ethics and give their opinions in relations to above issues, most notably in discussing the purpose of sex. By focusing on Pruss’s nature of love argument, more specifically that the “illusions of sex” are not what makes sex good and how same-sex relations are not morally permissible will construct an arguments against the permissibility of various sexual activities.
Sexual ethics, otherwise known as sexual morality, involves issues revolving around one’s sexuality and human sexual behaviors. Alexander Pruss discusses sexual ethics in the form of the importance of love and the forms that it takes. According to Pruss, “there are, at least, three intertwined aspects to all forms of love: appreciation, benevolence, and a striving for union ("From Love to Union as One Body" 17).” When looking at the three forms of love, one can argue that everyone needs all three aspects in order to achieve and feel true love. However, out of the three, one stands out more above the rest which is the desire for union; Pruss’s mention of the desire for union is in close relation to the desire for sexual union which, in turn, results in romantic love. Arguably, all three forms of love are needed since if appreciation is missing then benevolence cannot occur; furthermore, if one would simply want what was good but not appreciate it and then love would not be apparent. Additionally, without love, how can one want to have a union with someone else? It is important to remember that no one way is the right way since there are various ways and methods to practice the three aspects to love. It is by understanding the three forms does one understand what is truly good about sex as according to Pruss’s nature of love argument. As mentioned, the desire for union is the most important in relation to what is good about sex and, once the love is established, there are specific characteristics to what is it that makes sex good.
When asked what makes sex good, there are various responses such as the pleasure, the psychological or emotional connection made between two beings, the biological or physical unity and the need for reproduction. However, following Pruss’s argument only one...

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