People have different opinions and ideas about normal or abnormal sexual behaviors. Sex is common all over the world, and all people are interested in it. The most common disorders are homosexuality, sexual dysfunctions, and sexual deviation. The only reason why these disorders are unique is due to the norm established by society, but they are not necessarily abnormal (Dombeck, 2002).
Sexual orientation describes patterns of sexual and romantic attraction towards someone else. Normally one pole attracts the other, but in this case, it does not work like that. There is little information on why a person’s sexual orientation might be deviated from what is normal. Research shows that this problem may be due to the role of genes, the environment, hormones, the way a family raised the kids, or because of the brain itself. According to Sigmund Freud, all human beings are bisexual, but they become heterosexual or homosexual because of the experiences they live with their parents and other people. Psychologists and psychiatrists have a negative attitude towards homosexuality. However, there are no norms, or empirical evidence supporting the idea that attraction towards the same sex is a form of mental illness or a psychopathology. Homosexuality is a matter of choice rather than an abnormality due to brain dysfunction (APA, 1975; 1987).
Sexual malfunction refers to a difficulty experienced by a couple or individual during any stage of a normal sexual activity, including desire, arousal or orgasm. Sexual dysfunction affects both men and women at any given age. This can be caused by emotional or physical problems. It may be because of lack of trust between lovers, psychological problems, depression, among other things. In men, the most common problem is erectile dysfunction. This occurs when a male is not able to sustain or maintain an erection required for sexual intercourse. Most of the time, there is an underlying health problem causing the dysfunction; this can be diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, among others. In women, several problems prevent them from having normal intercourse. There is lack of orgasms, inhibited sexual desire, inability to become aroused, and painful intercourse, the ladder being the most common. Painful intercourse can be caused by many problems, including endometriosis, pelvic masses, ovarian cysts, poor lubrication, scar tissue, or a sexually transmitted disease. These problems can be resolved by means of surgery, medication, and sometimes hormonal therapy (Wincze, 2001).
Sexual difficulties are common in patients affected by anxiety disorders. Sexual dysfunction is very common in people with these problems. Most of the time anxiety can lead to further problems such as sexual avoidance. This is very common in males with panic disorders because of the high fear of embarrassment. In addition, sexual dysfunctions are not only limited to psychological problems only. It can also be due to ingestion of...