Solution Focused Therapy
Solution Focused Brief Therapy is a unique approach to therapy that neither focuses on the past nor the future but on what is possible now. SFBT is a post modern approach to therapy that became popular in the 1960's and 70s based on the theory that posits small progress can lead to long term change. This approach was created by...creatorsThe clients and the counselor collaborate to establish realistic goals that can be reached in a relatively short period of time. The counselor works to create an environment where clients can be honest. SFBT believe that analyzing problems is not needed in the process of change. Behavior change is seen as an integral part of change in clients therapeutic process. Both the counselor and the client come together to create goals to incite a change in behavior.
What is the clients role?
People inherently have the power to solve their own problems and come to their own solutions. Clients are expected to play and active role in their own change by being open to expressing their problems,creating goals and ultimately evaluating their progress. Clients often use stories to explore their problems in preparation for deciding which goals they want to set and subsequently accomplish. Each client has specific issues and life experiences which the goal should reflect. Clients are expected to put great effort into discovering a desire that the client has deep convictions about and will commit to putting in the work it takes to change behaviors that are no longer working in their life. When the client discovers what they want to be changed it can become their goal. The goal needs to be important to the client and not something that someone else wants them to change. When the client is internally invested they are more likely to achieve their goals. The goal should be both small and attainable.
De Shazer set forth three ways in which clients may present themselves in relation to the counselor during a therapy session. He named each ^ according to the behaviors he observed including customer, complainant and visitor. The visitor is compelled to go to therapy by someone in her life. The visitor has not internal motivation for being in therapy and until this changes the client wont change. Clients who enter therapy willing to share a problem but are unwilling to take responsibility for for any part is known as the complainant. They believe that someone else is obligated to take action that will lead to the solution to their problem. The most effective attitude a client could have is that of the customer who works with the counselor in identifying a problem then actively endeavors to personally reach that goal.
What is the counselors role?
counselors using SFBT begin with the mindset that their clients can change and will change with their positive help and...