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Shagrat Al Durr Essay

1114 words - 5 pages

Women were treated unfairly in the 13th century and they weren’t given important political positions or given important responsibilities because they were women. Having a woman rule land or be a noble was an embarrassment to most men. Being the Sultana of Egypt was a prestigious position and, since she was a woman, Shagrat Al-Durr did encounter many obstacles along the way, but that didn’t stop her from changing the history of the world. In Egypt during the 13th century, when women were not treated the same as men, the fearless and determined Shagrat Al-Durr rose from the ranks of slave to become the Sultana of Egypt and defeated King Louis IX during the Crusades.

Even though women weren’t ...view middle of the document...

Even though women had not previously been given the opportunity to command armies or any other big position, Shagrat Al-Durr was put on the throne by the army on May 2nd, 1250 for capturing King Louis IX and defeating the French. Shagrat Al-Durr proved that women can accomplish as much as men and became the Sultana of Egypt.

Being fearless and determined helped Shagrat Al-Durr throughout her life. When she was gifted to the Sultan of Egypt as a slave, Shagrat Al-Durr was determined to become the Sultana of Egypt. She was gifted to the Sultan of Egypt, Al-Malik Al-Sālih Ayub, who Shagrat Al-Durr soon married, which would help her gain power. He passed away while he was away on campaigns for the Crusades. Shagrat Al-Durr, who was determined to keep her power, didn’t tell anyone about this and ruled under his name by pretending that her husband was still alive by faking his meals, denying access to Ayub’s chamber, and forging his signatures. After the news of her husband’s death got out, King Louis IX attacked Cairo. Shagrat Al-Durr fearlessly took charge of the Mamluk army and commanded them to fight against the French. After she defeated and captured the French King, she was put on the throne. Unfortunately, she couldn’t keep the throne for long. The Caliph of Baghdad and the politicians of Baghdad did not approve of Shagrat Al-Durr being the Sultana because she was a woman. To them, women were not supposed to hold the title of ruler. The Caliph of Baghdad sent a message to the Egyptian nobles, “Since no man among you is worthy of being Sultan, I will bring you one”. This was very humiliating to Shagrat Al-Durr. She decided to step down from her position. A successful Mamluk soldier, Aibak, was appointed as the Sultan of Egypt by the Caliph of Baghdad. The determined Shagrat Al-Durr was not finished yet. She went on and married the Mamluk soldier, Aibak. While he ruled, she dominated him. She had coins made in both of their names, signed the sultan’s decrees, and forced others to call her the Sultana of Egypt. Even though Aibak was the Sultan of Egypt, Shagrat Al-Durr was the unofficial Sultana of Egypt. Shagrat Al-Durr’s personality...

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