Throughout the passage in Hamlet, Act III, scene 4, Shakespeare uses envious and malignant tones by carefully engaging his writing with powerful poetic techniques and literary devices to attract his readers towards the characterization of Hamlet as a grotesque individual. Shakespeare uses the devices of stichomythia, repetition, and antithesis intact with his precise diction, adequate syntax, and unnatural imagery to illustrate the conflict between Hamlet's mother and himself. Therefore, Shakespeare creates an agonizing mother and son relationship, to harass Gertrude for her sins and evoke her to somehow either feel guilty or to fully confess.
With thus said, Shakespeare uses his extradorinary diction to contrast from his recent "father" figure Claudius, to his real deceased father. Consequently, considering both of Hamlet's words and phrases, words such as "wicked tongue", "hypocrite", and "false", are used to symbolize ...view middle of the document...
Furthermore, Shakespeare imposes vivid yet hurtful imagery to prove Hamlets claim towards his naïve mother Gertrude. Employed within the lines of 53-88, when speaking to Gertrude, two contradicting pictures, one of his deceased father and one of his step-father Claudius, are presented to distinctively differentiate the two brothers. Before Hamlets perspective on Claudius is displayed, he speaks about his own father following Claudius, to indicate what an honorable king persists of. Thus presented, Hamlet deviates his actions to utilize yet trigger guilt from Gertrude. With guilt, on behalf of Gertrude, Hamlet finds that it would be easier to conclude that she was somehow involved with the murder of her husband or know some sort of important information to justify what happened.
Subsequently, not only do the tones of characters evolve, however fluctuating sentences and a precise use of syntax are evident to identify reasoning. Briefly shown in example both Hamlet and the Queen argue, “Queen: Hamlet, thou hast thy father much offended. Hamlet: Mother you have my father much offended. Queen: Come, Come, you answer with an idle tongue. Hamlet: Go, go you question with a wicked tongue” (lines 8-11). With that noted, an explicit use of stichomythia, antithesis, and repetition are intentionally portrayed to show a combative relationship, yet duality between both Hamlet and his mother. Despite the dramatic language between the two, Hamlet exchanges pierceful one-liners that constantly switch up his own mother's words which put her to complete shame. Hamlet's powerful rebuttals show a lack of respect for Gertrude and represent superiority and dominance over his queen.
Nevertheless, Shakespeare uses destructive tones, hurtful diction, distinct syntax, and vivid imagery to demonstrate a fake play of madness towards his audience. Being scornfully arrogant, Gertrude experiences different emotions of fear, shock, and pain in result of Hamlet’s rude behavior, yet tries to deal with it in a tolerable manner. Although she is internally hurt, Gertrude feels dominated by everything Hamlet has put her through and hopes his seeking of truth and revenge ends with a gaining of trust between them once again.