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Shalamov And Solzhenitsyn Essay

1320 words - 5 pages

Paper 2. Compare/Contrast PaperIndividuals vs. Totalitarian State: Tragic Destiny of Human-Beings in Solzhenitsyn's and Shalmov's Stories(Topic: Solzhenitsyn and Shalamov on the experience of the camps)Written by: Bekzhan ZhamikeyevYear of Study: 1st year SHSS studentCourse Name: Introduction to Critical Issues in the Humanities and Social Sciences Nazarbayev University, SHSSIndividuals vs. Totalitarian State: Tragic Destiny of Human-Beings in Solzhenitsyn's and Shalmov's StoriesIn recent decades, after the disintegration of the Soviet Union, a lot of secrets were revealed, including the existence of death camps, which were concealed under the name of corrective labor camps. However, no one believed that camps were a place, where millions of inmates died. In addition, most of people never thought that innocent citizens were imprisoned, then tortured, tormented and finally killed during the bloody terror in the USSR. It is not surprising, because any information about camps were under strict control of Soviet Union soldiers and only after the disintegration, they were shown to public. Nevertheless, the cruelty of executioners, whose actions were reinforced by totalitarian state rules, was discovered by a help of firsthand witnesses, who are wrote books about the life in concentration camps. In that works of prisoners, two major texts caught the attention of people in the world. The first one is "Kolyma Tales", written by Shalamov, which is about people who were used as labor force, by the help of whom, the Soviet Union extracted gold in mines and cut trees in harsh weather. The second one is "GULAG Archipelago", written by Solzhenitsyn, in which he wanted "to help the readers to imagine the unimaginable" horror, which took place in camps. Both of these texts depicts us an opposition between an individual and totalitarian state. In addition, authors tried to show that human-beings cannot stand against totalitarian state and its rules. Most of prisoners, who were against the rules of totalitarian state, lost their personality and ability to think adequately in camps and became like obedient creatures after release. However, the vast majority of inmates could not survive at all. Due to this, I want to prove that totalitarian regime with its overwhelming and cruel rules destroyed the lives of many and degraded the humanity in the souls of prisoners' and executioners'. In order to reach my aim, I will investigate relationships between camps and prisoners, wardens and camps and other various factors, such as hunger and cold weather.[1: Alexander Solzhenitsyn, GULAG Archipelago, trans. Edward E. Ericson Jr., Daniel J. Maboney (Pennsylvania: isi books, 2006), 211. ]First of all, I would like to consider how authors described the relationship between prisoners and corrective labor camps. It is essential to examine this relationship, because these camps were the most inhumane method of punishing people, which stood at the top of Totalitarian regime's list....

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