Desbiens, J., Gagnon, J., & Fillion, L. (2012). Development of a shared theory in palliative care to enhance nursing competence. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(9). 2113-2124. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648-2011.05917.x. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h9AN=78109413&site=ehost-live
This article addresses the development of a shared theory based upon the Social
Cognitive Theory of Bandura and the Self Care Deficit Conceptual Model by Orem. This shared
theory development was done in efforts to improve nursing competence in palliative nursing
care. Development of the shared theory is discussed in this article stating the comparison of the social cognitive theory and the conceptual model. Stating the need for more education and training needed for nurses to become more proficient and competent in caring for palliative patients worldwide due to the aging population and a greater number of those with chronic illness as well as the World Health Organization calling for a recommendation of palliative care to be a core requirement in nursing education, training and continuing education, Bandura’s theory and Orem’s model were selected as a shared theory with aims to meet the criteria on both the patient and nursing levels. This article goes on to state that even though on the theoretical level, both the cognitive theory and the conceptual model fit the palliative care needs of self-competence and the influence of nursing interventions, empirical testing and further research to evaluate the effectiveness of this shared theory in the clinical as well as the classroom and training sessions needs to be conducted to prove that this theory will be a solid foundation for palliative care that enhances the competence of nurses.
This article applies to current nursing practice because of the focus to the growing need for palliative care worldwide due to an aging population and chronic illness and disease. Palliative care needs are an issue that is currently becoming more and more prevalent in conversation, as the article cited recommendations from the World Health Organization to have palliative care implemented into the core competencies of nursing education in both training and continuing education curriculum. Facts proving how the Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) of Bandura meets the criteria in order to “conceptualize, promote and evaluate the development of competence”, but does not meet the criteria...