Shell Oil In Nigeria. Essay

2243 words - 9 pages

Shell Oil in NigeriaShell Oil in NigeriaThis paper will detail that Shell Oil did not adhere to their corporate social responsibility in Nigeria. Shell utilized the community to gain profits while depleting the land resources leaving Ogoniland and nearby delta communities in ruins.The people of Nigeria are made up of different ethnic groups. Hausa-Fulani, Yoruba and Ibo are 65 percent of the population while the other 35 percent consist of various ethnic groups including Ogoni people. The River states that included Ogoniland were among the poorest in Nigeria. Most of the adult population before the drilling was fishers or farmers. Unemployment was estimated at 30 percent and three-quarters of adult population are illiterate. Life expectancy for Nigerian males is 54 and females 51 years of age. The Ogoni people lived in a 384 square mile area in the heart of the Nigerian oil field, with a population of approximately half of million by mid-90's.The Royal Dutch/Shell Group was the world's largest integrated petroleum company comprised over 2000 separate entities. Headquarters in London and Hague. (106,000 employees worldwide) Chairmanship rotated between Shell's president and Royal's President, governed by a six-member board. The company started drilling for oil in 1956; during the years 1958-1994 30 billion dollars of oil was extracted from Nigeria. The venture to drill was a joint decision, with 55 percent going to the Nigerian Federal Government, 30 percent to Shell, and 15 percent to two European companies.Shell Nigeria corporate objective was "to find, produce, and deliver hydrocarbons safely, responsibly, and economically for the benefit of our stakeholders." (294 pp.) The company did not uphold any of those objectives towards the Ogoni and Delta people; they too are stakeholders and deserve to be treated as such. Shell Oil is guilty of destroying the environment and putting profits before people. The corporation should have taken under consideration the poor living conditions and demanded the Government to use a larger percentage of their income to improve the Delta regions living conditions. Shell oil operating in the Niger Delta is actively supporting abusive military dictatorships in order to protect their environmentally degrading and polluting practices. Oil is environmentally destructive, wherever it is produced, but the environmental practices of Shell in Nigeria set a new low for this dirty business. Many of Shell's practices and equipment would be illegal according to the environmental laws of most countries. Irresponsible flaring of gas, poor pipeline placement, chronic oil spills, and unlined toxic waste pits plague the Nigerian Delta region.Shell changed the way of life for the Ogoni people forever, and should be held accountable for their actions. The following paragraphs will detail the different environmental issues caused by Shell's presence in Nigeria, the movement of the Ogoni people and the corrupt government that enabled...

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