Short Stories Literature Review

1422 words - 6 pages

Short Stories Literature Review

Fear can have different effects on human emotions. Sometimes fear can keep you from confronting a conflict or situation directly. Being fearful is not the right reaction to have. The right reaction is usually to be cautious. In the five sorties I read fear was a factor in how the character resolved their external or internal conflict in the story. All the short stories share the themes fear, conflict, deception, jealousy, vulnerability and closure. The audience for this literature review is for mature readers who may let fear affect their daily lives. This review was written to show how fear can overwhelm them if they do not take proper steps to confront ...view middle of the document...

In the stories the character deals with his or her internal or external conflict in a panicked manner. Three of the five stories the character resolves the problem with murder. The other two stories handle the problem with a less gruesome solution.
In all the stories there is an element of deception used. In the first story Montresor deceives Fortunato to come back to his wine vault so he can encase him in a room. The next story has deception when Prospero deceives his self into thinking if he seals his self in his castle he could escape the Red Death. Deception shows up in the “Premature Burial when the narrator believes he is locked in an unfamiliar coffin. In “The Purloined Letter” the royal lady gets caught trying to deceitfully read a letter behind her husband back. Minister D switches his letter with hers to gain leverage on her. C. Auguste Dupin deceives Minister D to retrieve the letter back from him. In the tell-tale heart the narrator deceives his self into thinking the old man eye is a threat to him. He also tries to deceive the police by hiding the old man’s body and telling lies about the events surrounding his death.
Jealousy played a role in how the characters acted toward in all the short stories except the “premature burial. Montresor was jealous of how respected Fortunato was despite the way he treated him. Fortunato was jealous that Montresor in disguise would think a rival wine taster had more expertise than him. Prospero was jealous of how the Red Death had entered his party and became the talk of the party. C. Auguste Dupin and Minster D were supposed to have a rivalry between them and they both were jealous of each other success. The narrators in both stories the “tell-tale heart” and “premature burial did not have any jealousy in their stories. The narrator in burial had sympathy for anyone who had his same condition. In the heart the narrator had hatred towards the old man because of how his eye made him feel.
Vulnerability was shown throughout all the short stories. Fortunato was a strong person with one major weakness. His major weakness was wine and this was the main fact Montresor used to exact revenge on him. Prospero vulnerability was his arrogance. Prospero did not look to resolve his countryside problem and he was too arrogant when the Red death arrived. This made him overconfident enough to challenge the Red death. In the burial the narrator was vulnerable to his ailment, fear, and being buried alive. His illness caused him to fall asleep to the point he appeared deceased. He was fearful of being buried alive and not being able to escape. The royal lady was vulnerable because of the letter Minster D stole from her. The old man in the tell-tale heart was vulnerable because he had no idea what the narrator had planned for him.
Conflict is the next theme all stories share in common. The external conflict between” Montresor and Fortunato is disrespect of their relationship by Fortunato. The internal conflict that...

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