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Should Animals Be Used For Medical Research?

1441 words - 6 pages

March 5 of twenty-seven years ago, somebody’s mom passed away at a young age, the cause was a brain tumor, twenty years later somebody’s coworker survived to the same disease. What happened in these two decades in the medical field? “American are living longer, healthier lives and we owe much of that success to biomedical research”. Dr. Robert Palazzo (FASEB). By the end of the 19th and the 20th centuries the medical science has been accelerated by the Medicine Act, 1968, which provided a guide to the use of animals in safety testing. This expansion reflected a growing medical field. In 1986, in UK the Animal Welfare Act was approved, ensuring higher animal care in laboratory. Scientists improved better tests, using less animals and making sure that none received intentionally a fatal dose. Thanks to animals research the 20th century made many medical discoveries, to state few: insulin, the polio vaccine, meningitis vaccine, penicillin, the elimination of smallpox, CT scanning for improved diagnosis, chemotherapy for leukemia, cervical cancer vaccine, the discovery of Herceptin for breast cancer, and more. According to statistics, dogs, cats and primates altogether account for less than 0.2% of research animals and 97% in the UK is done on mice, rats, fish and birds. Animals are used in research only when there is no way to obtain answers necessary to the research and not ethically acceptable to test on humans. UK controls all the data research animals are used for. Animals are very similar to humans; same organs systems; suffer from similar diseases including cancers, TB, flu and asthma; all veterinary research has relied on the use of animal research; many veterinary medicines are the same as those used for human patients, example antibiotics, pain killers and tranquillizer. Thanks to animal research, primarily in mice, cancer survival rates have continued to rise, thanks to research on animals leading to the development of Highly Active Anti- Retroviral Therapies (HAART), AIDS is no longer the death sentence it was 30 years ago. While Fleming discovered penicillin without using animals, he shared the Nobel Prize with Florey and Chain who by testing it on mice, discovered how penicillin could be used to fight infections inside the body. Also asthma inhalers, smallpox has been eradicated completely, vaccines against polio, meningitis, TB, the human papillomavirus (HPV) linked to cervical cancer. Many people do not agree with the use of animals in research, some of them affirm that animals should not be used in drug development medical research because they are God’s creatures and should not be killed to save our lives. ( But, in the Bible is written: “And saw the heavens opened and something like a great sheet descending, being let down by its four corners upon the earth. In it were all kinds of animals and reptiles and birds of the air. And there comes a voice to him: “Rise, Peter; kill and eat.” The Bible does not specify...

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