The knowledge of cigarettes and their harmful nature is expanding all the time. Studies and experiments are being performed all the time to figure out what cigarettes are really all about. There is influence from media and entertainment that promote smoking more than ever, even though we know more than ever how harmful they are. We already know smoking cigarettes is detrimental to health, yet people continue smoking them. We are becoming more aware of the awful chemicals put into cigarettes that should be nowhere near our bodies. And still, cigarettes continue to be legal.
There are four requirements established by the surgeon general that define addiction are as follows: 1) despite negative effects, repeated use happens because of addiction, 2) There is a psychoactive substance that reinforces behavior involved with addiction, 3) tolerance for the addictive substance is developed, 4) withdraw and relapse are evidence of physical dependence of an addictive substance (Critical insights into the nature of nicotine addiction: A summary of key learnings to date, 2006).
The Journal of Family Practice released an article that stated seventy percent of smokers say they want to quit, but only five percent who try to quit succeed without medical assistance (Critical insights into the nature of nicotine addiction: A summary of key learnings to date, 2006). In addition, those who quit, usually only succeed after somewhere between six and nine unsuccessful attempts. The article “Critical Insights Into The Nature of Nicotine Addiction: A Summary of Key Learnings to Date” presented the idea that even when aware of the negative health effects, people will commonly continue smoking (2006). Additionally, people will continue to smoke even after determining they suffer from two or more other chronic diseases.
Nicotine is a mood-altering drug that is predominant in cigarettes that commonly causes people to become addicted. Nicotine is most efficiently delivered through smoking because it crosses the blood-brain barrier in a matter of seconds after being inhaled and immediately starts altering the chemistry of the brain and causing feelings such as memory improvement, anxiety relief, and pleasure (Critical insights into the nature of nicotine addiction: A summary of key learnings to date, 2006). These effects reinforce the behavior of smoking. As with any substance, smokers develop a tolerance for nicotine, causing them to need more of it to get the same effect they used to get. Symptoms such as impaired concentration, craving, headache, depression, irritability, depression, and insomnia can occur due to withdraw from nicotine (Critical insights into the nature of nicotine addiction: A summary of key learnings to date, 2006). These symptoms have been labeled as the predominant contributors in relapse because the user thinks he or she needs to go back to what they believe to be a normal state by self-medicating with nicotine.
According to Lin,...