Should Euthanasia be Legalised
This essay will explore several different and varied opinions about
whether or not euthanasia should be legalised. Euthanasia is the Greek
word for easy death, but is often referred to as mercy killing. There
are two main forms of euthanasia. Voluntary euthanasia is when a
terminally ill patient expresses the wish to be euthenised. Active
euthanasia is when a Doctor decides that it is in the best interest of
the patient to be euthenised. All forms of euthanasia are illegal in
Great Britain; however in Holland, Switzerland, Oregon in the U.S and
the northern territories of Australia, voluntary and assisted
euthanasia has been legalised in recent years.
Firstly most Religious groups are opposed to euthanasia, because it is
seen as murder. Christians and Jews in particularly are against
euthanasia because in 'the ten commandments' it is written that 'you
must not kill'. In the Torah and the Bible it also reads that humans
are created in the image of God and in the Bible it also reads that
Jesus died to save us. Christians and Jews base their views on
euthanasia on these things in particular because they believe that
only God has the right to decide when to end a life.
On the other hand the Roman Catholic Church is of the Christian faith
but they do have a slightly different opinion. Although they are very
pro-life, they do not believe in pro-longing life by treatment which
will prolong suffering.
However the government is concerned that if euthanasia were legalised
then the amount of suicides in our country will rise considerably.
This has not been entirely proven in the few countries that have
legalised euthanasia, but it is also worried that more and more
Doctors would perform euthanasia without the patients consent if
voluntary euthanasia were legalised. In the Netherlands were voluntary
euthanasia is legal it is believed that in 2000, 1200 people were
euthenised without the consent of the patient.
In addition to the argument that pro-longing life by treatment can
prolong suffering it can also be argued that the psychological effects
of long-term suffering have been studied and researched by
psychoanalysts over the past ten years and it has been proved that
long-term suffering can cause great psychological damage to a
terminally ill patient. Allowing mental and physical suffering to
continue for a long period of time is...