Should Gay Marriage Be Legal?
According to Cortina (2000), if a society wants to achieve peaceful coexistence every single part of the society must reach equality, this means, everybody should have the same rights and obligations. Nowadays, in some countries, people still do not approve marriage between two persons of the same gender, even though they fulfill every obligation they have with the society, a variety of opinions argue against this. In order to analyze these opinions, which can be for or against homosexual marriage, we will need to adopt a more ethical perspective in the matter and also ask ourselves; shouldn’t homosexual marriage be legal since everybody is suppose to have the same rights?
First of all, in a society, every person plays an important role, which contributes to the general well being of the society. An integral citizen contributes to the society by paying taxes, obeying the law, and voting; this grants them rights that also work inside the specific society. Marriage is a right that grants people some benefits, but in the case of homosexual couples, this does not apply. Gay marriage is still illegal in some countries, even though homosexuals fulfill every obligation a citizen is suppose to follow. There are no rational reasons to deny this right to them; the fact that gay marriage is illegal becomes arbitrary because there are no substantial grounds behind it.
Secondly, adopting a child is a matter of concern when it comes to homosexual couples, at first sight it seems weird that two persons of the same gender are capable of raising a child without any problems, but as a matter of fact, it is quite the contrary. A recent study made by Rachel H. Farr at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and Charlotte J Patterson at the University of Virginia (July 15, 2013) showed that regardless of sexual preferences, the development of a child is mostly affected by the quality of interaction between the parents and the child. In this study 104 families participated, half of them being either gay or lesbian couples, consequently, the children who came up to be the ones with the most behavioral problems were the ones who belonged to a malfunctioning family not the ones with homosexual parents. As a result, we can safely say that a homosexual couple is perfectly capable of raising a family.
There is also a famous study made by Alfred Kinsey (1948/1953), in which he studied sexual orientation of human beings. In his results, Kinsey tried to break the paradigms of strict sexual orientation and presented a whole new perspective in the matter. Furthermore he introduced a scale called the “Kinsey scale” which rated persons from a scale from 0 to 6, 0 being “exclusively heterosexual” and 6 being “exclusively homosexual”. “Males do not represent two discrete populations, heterosexual and homosexual. The world is not to be divided into sheep and goats… The living world is a continuum in each and every one of its aspects.” (Kinsey et al.,...