Unlike some movies, cloning in real life doesn’t produce a full grown exact replica of someone. A type of cloning that occurs naturally is when identical twins are born (“What Is Cloning?”). Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is a type of cloning that has to be done in a lab. In SCNT they take the nucleolus out of an egg cell, replace it with the nucleolus of a somatic cell (body cell with two complete sets of chromosomes), and make the egg cell divide into a blastocyst (“What Is Cloning?”).
There are two main controversial types of cloning that come from SCNT which are reproductive and therapeutic cloning. Reproductive cloning involves the creation of another life and should be banned. ...view middle of the document...
Also, even if you could guarantee a healthy baby, the opportunities to abuse the technology are too great. A clone could be used as a perfect donor for a sick person. If this ever happened the clone would be subjected to painful procedures and forced to live his/her life completely for the purpose of another. “Allowing cloning would be taking a significant step toward a society in which human beings are grown for spare body parts, and children are engineered to custom specifications; and that’s not acceptable” (Bush).
Reproductive cloning could also be abused by people who want to create genetically superior children. Using reproductive cloning you could clone the world’s greatest athletes and geniuses. As crazy as it sounds, this would open up the door to future possibilities of a world where genetic discrimination is the norm like in the movie GATTACA.
Therapeutic cloning, unlike reproductive, is a lot more productive than harmful. The stem cells created from therapeutic cloning will have the potential to turn into many different types of body cells. Stem cells can replace worn out or damaged tissues and is an alternative to organ donation. It is less likely to result in rejection by the recipient because the tissue would be made from the recipients own genetic material. Like stated previously, therapeutic cloning does not involve the creation of a live human being.
However, despite the benefits of therapeutic cloning, there are huge controversies surrounding the topic. One argument against therapeutic cloning is that creating stem cells on a large scale would require the use of vast amounts of human eggs. This would create a market for egg donation and take advantage of women’s bodies (Bush). The process for therapeutic cloning involves the destruction of human embryos, so those that believe life begins at the moment of conception are generally against it. Those that argue that human life begins at conception argue that, “one needs only to implant it in a woman's uterus. It would then have about one chance in four of developing into a fetus. If it is lucky, then nine months later, it would have developed into a newborn” ("Therapeutic Cloning: Ethics, Public Opinion"). These are also arguments agents reproductive cloning as well.
While true that therapeutic cloning would create a larger market for human eggs, it is hardly exploitation of women’s bodies. Egg donation is already something commonly practiced. Donation is a choice and is not forced. Donating ones eggs to save someone life might even be seen as a privilege by some women. Women are also compensated for donating with...