The matter of human reproductive cloning is a complex topic, in which there are many issues that must be addressed before any actions take place. Any decision based on reproductive cloning will not be clear-cut, and instead will host a multitude of ideas. In this paper, I will determine, through philosophical thinking, if human reproductive cloning is morally appropriate.
First and foremost, it is important to discuss what human cloning is. It is the conception of in vitro embryos that produces “individuals that are exact genetic copies of the donor from whom the DNA was obtained” (Munson 366). In Laymen’s terms, cells are inserted from the donor host into an unfertilized egg from another host (meaning it is asexual) and the new egg is transferred into the surrogate mother where it will foster into an embryo, if effective.
There are some rewards and disadvantages to utilizing human reproductive cloning. One advantage would be giving a woman who was not able to find the right person to have a child with, the child she had wanted. In “Mothers by Choice” there are many professional women, who before, would have to settle with ”Mr. Okay” to have a child (Munson 335). Now, marriage is not necessary to allow working women a child and they would not have to settle or put their ambitions to the wayside.
One disadvantage would certainly be like the Calvert Case. A couple was determined to have a child, however, the mother had a hysterectomy removing her uterus and therefore was not able to carry a child to term. Instead, the couple turned to a surrogate who would carry the child. Unfortunately, the surrogate felt that she should be a mother to the child as well, and took the case to court (Munson 348). The courts decided that since the child was not hers genetically speaking, she should not be part of the child’s life. This sort of repeal of parenthood for the surrogate mother would be devastating. We would create a great amount of turmoil for this woman and we completely disregard that she has rights as well as a human being.
I decided upon using Kant’s ethical theory, also known as Kantianism to discuss the topic of human reproductive cloning. This theory is applicable to the topic because it is based on doing our moral duty, no matter what our own desires entail. Our tools in determining the correct action to do are universality and respect for others. Therefore, any solution of our problems must stem from these necessities. We are hence in search of the “maxims that satisfy the categorical imperative”, or the “motive force behind our actions …that determines [our] moral character” (Munson 872).
Initially, we must consider the major possible courses of action. The first possibility is that human cloning is allowed. Scientists test experiments freely without constraints from the government. To analyze this in the views of Kantianism, we must apply “universalizability” or the idea that we must act consistently and apply a moral...