On November 29th, 2012, Palestine gained observer status to the United Nations with the General Assembly voting 138-9-41. With this accomplishment, the Palestinian people are one step closer to having their own state. However, Israel continues to build illegal settlements on Palestinian territory in the West Bank, which makes the creation of a separate Palestinian state more difficult. There have been many attempts in the past to try and create a peace solution between these two sides, as well as try to create a separate state for the Palestinian people. However, most, if not all these attempts have been unsuccessful. The question still remains; will there ever be a Palestinian state? The Palestinians want their state to consist of the Gaza Strip as well as the West Bank, which Israel gained after the 6-Day War in 1967. This would mean that the Palestinian state would coincide with Israel. Most countries in the world support this idea, including Israeli Prime Minster Benjamin Netanyahu and U.S. President Barack Obama. Some in Israel, however, have objected to this idea due the threat of terrorism that has come from the Palestinian side, mostly in the Gaza Strip, as well as the idea that all of the region is Israel’s God given land.
In this paper, I will discuss why the Palestinians should be able to govern their own state alongside the state of Israel. I will also discuss why Palestine should not have their own state, as well as why the one-state solution would be the right way to solve the solution.
Reason for an Independent Palestinian State
The first argument I am going to present is that under International law, Palestine is considered a state. Under the Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States, it states that a state under international law possess the qualifications of; (A) having a permanent population, (B) a defined territory, (C) a government, and (D) the capacity to enter into relations with the other states. Under these guidelines, Palestine is considered a state. Ironically, under that same Convention, Israel would not be considered a state, as they have never defined their territory. (Whitbeck, 62-63) There are still five million Palestinians living in the historic land of Palestine and because most Palestinians do not plan on leaving region, the Palestinian presence will remain stable and may even increase. (Al-Masri, 28) Both Palestinian Territories have their own governments. Since 1988, when Palestine proclaimed their statehood, they have claimed sovereignty over the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, which is considered to be the State of Palestine. This means that there claims are both literally and legally uncontested. (Whitbeck, 64) With this, right now there are technically already two states because of what is said in the guidelines of the Montevideo Convention.
My next argument for Palestine to have its own state is that the Palestinian people deserve the right of return to...