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Should Teammates Of P.E.D. Users Have Any Right To Their Medals?

956 words - 4 pages

Any type of artificial substance that an athlete takes can be considered as a Performance Enhancing Drug. There are several different classes and each one has a unique effects and side effects. Some of the classes Performance Enhancing Drugs that are commonly used are: lean mass builders, stimulants, painkillers, sedatives, diuretics, boosters, and masking drugs (Wikipedia). Within each of these types of P.E.D.’s there are different drugs.
Some may wonder what these classes are. Lean Mass Builders drive or amplify the growth of muscle and lean body mass. This can also reduce body fat and the time that an athlete takes to recover from an injury. Some types of lean mass builders are anabolic steroids, xenoandrogens, beta-2 agonists, selective androgen receptor modulators, and various human growth hormones. Stimulants help to stimulate the body and mind to perform optimally by enhancing focus, energy, and aggression. Some of them are caffeine, amphetamine, and methamphetamine. Painkillers mask athletes’ pain so the can keep going and compete and perform beyond their usual pain thresholds. These increase your blood pressure causing the cells in athlete’s muscles to be better supplied with vital oxygen. Painkillers can range from various over the counter medicines such as ibuprofen to powerful prescription narcotics. Sedatives help to make your more accurate and are commonly used in archers so that they can have a steady aim. Taking Sedatives also can give the athletes the ability to overcome the nerves of competing at a big event. Some of these are Alcohol, diazepam, propranolol, and marijuana. Diuretics help athletes to loose weight by expelling water out of an athlete’s body, and can also be used as a masking drug. Blood boosters increase the oxygen carrying capacity of blood beyond the individual’s natural capacity. EPO is the most commonly known drug that is used as a blood booster. Masking drugs are used to prevent the detection of other classes of drugs. These can help to make the effect that no P.E.D.’s were used. Some types are narcotics, ACTH, cortisone and local anesthetics (Wikipedia).
Now you may understand why these drugs are considered Performance Enhancing drugs. Each drug takes a different effect to help the athlete preform in a way that is better than their abilities. Some side affects for men who take anabolic steroids may be: developing breasts, having a decrease in sperm count, they may become infertile or become incompetent. Some of the effects on anabolic steroids for women are: growing excessive face and body hair, their voices may deepen, they may experience menstrual irregularities, reduced breast size, or have a masculinized female fetus. Also some of the effects that can happen on any man or women are: getting acne, have oily scalp and skin, jaundice, become bald, have heart attacks, develop significant risk of liver disease, have high levels of bad...

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