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Sickle Scaler Essay

2211 words - 9 pages

In the course of our first semester we have been introduced to variety of different instruments. We were introduced to their history, use, significance and important role that each instrument plays in the clients' oral health. I have enjoyed anterior sickle scaler from the first day it has been introduced to us in Pre-Clinic and I was fascinated to do a further research on it and learn things that weren't covered in class lectures. Therefore, this report is going to be based on my research finding on anterior sickle scaler.History and Interesting factsWho invented scalers? This is unknown, but we know that invention goes way back to Ancient World and Middle Ages when scalers were popular but were not in very general use way until the eighteenth century.What makes up the structure of the teeth? We know that its three different calcified tissues: enamel, dentine and cementum. Early dentists knew that as well; they were convinced that in order to remove tartar you have to use fairly sharp instruments with some force. From the sources found Avicenna who lived around 980-1037 designed a collection of 14 scalers which were used on patients whose head he hold on his knees. In the following century, Cremona (1114-87) created eight different scalers. Couple centuries later, Walter Ryff included a series of 14 double-ended scalers in his 1545 publication Chirurgia Magna.As I mentioned before, scaling became most popular during eighteens century. Pierre Fauchard (1678-1761) was the one who was the most specific about the instruments. He believed that the instruments had to be made of "good steel so that they are sharp and scrape well¹", therefore, gold and silver were inappropriate for it because they are not hard enough.Fauchard believed that only five types of instruments were necessary: a rabbet chisel, a parrot's bill (curved at its point), a graver with three facets, a small knife with a convex blade and a hook like a Z.All of these instruments were sharp and were designed to remove tartar from any place in the month. He also was clear with specifying that handles must be round and not too heavy since weight might endanger nimbleness.What I find most fascinating is that throughout the eighteenth century and at the beginning of the nineteenth century those who cared about their teeth would have had their own personal set of scaler! "These personal sets were small pocket cases made in shagreen, ivory, tortoiseshell and morocco and other leathers were made to contain a series of interchangeable scaler heads which screwed into a common handle. The lid of the case usually included a mirror covered by a piece of velvet. The set contained between five to twelve scalers and the most common types were: a triangular head, a right-angle, a carp's tongue both straight and curbed, a long flat file, a sharp hatchet, a shovel shape with broad curved end, and an isosceles triangle. ¹" Today, of course instrumental set are only intended to use by...

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