This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Side Effects Of The Drug Psilocybin

2794 words - 11 pages

Side Effects of the Drug Psilocybin

There have been many experiments and personal testimonies
documenting the side effect behavior changes and effects
reported by users of the drug Psilocybin from ancient history
until more modern times. For instance, the Aztecs believed that
they were capable of moving back and forth between the earthly
and supernatural realms (Schwartz 1988). This travel between
realms was often associated with hallucinatory trances guided by
their god for the entheogens-the Prince of Flowers. The Aztecs
called this ritual "the flowery dream;" this was induced by
sacred mushrooms (Erowid). The trend towards experimenting with
Psilocybin to determine its effects on the body started in the
early 1960's with prominent psychologists like Timothy Leary and
Albert Hofmann taking Psilocybin themselves and reporting their
experiences (Levitt 1975: 270). Later, there were more
controlled double-blind studies performed with groups of
subjects where the drug is administered and neither the subjects
nor the experimenter know which group is receiving the drug and
which group is receiving the placebo. It is much easier in these
types of experiments to control for extraneous variables and to
find a good operational measure for the subjects' reactions to
Psilocybin. However, since the experiences reported by most
users of Psilocybin are within a narrow radius of variation, it
is possible to utilize individual's personal experiences of
Psilocybin as long as they are comparable to the experiences
reported by the majority of the Psilocybin users in other
experiments.

In general, both psilocybin and psilocybin produce yawning,
inability to concentrate, restlessness, increased heart rate,
and hallucinations (visual and auditory). These symptoms may
appear 30 to 60 minutes after the mushroom is eaten and can last
about four hours (Kuhn 1998). According to one online source,
there is a effect-time curve documenting the general reaction to
Psilocybin (see Appendix 1). The total duration of the reaction
is about 4-7 hours when the Psilocybin is ingested orally, but
the experience is divided into four stages: Onset, lasting from
15-60 minutes, Coming Up, lasting from 15-30 minutes, Plateau,
lasting from 2-4 hours, and Coming Down, lasting from 1-3 hours
(Schwartz 1988). In addition to these four general stages, there
are three different levels of effects. The mildest are the
Threshold Effects (from .25 gm to .75 gms of Psilcybe), which
are characterized by a slight cold feeling, mild gas or nausea,
nervous-feeling, pupil dilation, mild visual changes including
lights seeming brighter, and noticing movement at the periphery
of vision, giddiness, more emotional sensitivity, and other
effects related to a change in neurochemistry (Erowid, Schwartz
1988).

The next level, termed Medium Effects (from .75 gm to 2.5
gms of Psilocybe)...

Find Another Essay On Side Effects of the Drug Psilocybin

The Side Effects of Envy Essay

1462 words - 6 pages Plante 5Kailyn PlanteMs. LesserEnglish 10H Per.415 June 2014The Side Effects of EnvyOthello by William Shakespeare is a play about a Moor, Othello, who falls in love with and marries a white woman, Desdemona. He is then manipulated by his ancient, Iago, who tells lies about his wife and his lieutenant, Cassio, having an affair, resulting in the feeling of jealousy and the need for revenge. Jealousy is one of the main themes in Shakespeare's play

The Side Effects of Envy Essay

1462 words - 6 pages Plante 5Kailyn PlanteMs. LesserEnglish 10H Per.415 June 2014The Side Effects of EnvyOthello by William Shakespeare is a play about a Moor, Othello, who falls in love with and marries a white woman, Desdemona. He is then manipulated by his ancient, Iago, who tells lies about his wife and his lieutenant, Cassio, having an affair, resulting in the feeling of jealousy and the need for revenge. Jealousy is one of the main themes in Shakespeare's play

The Side Effects of Drugs

2460 words - 10 pages . I killed Riley’s sister. Of course I knew that wasn’t entirely true. Everything flooded to my head. I could hear the low murmurs of Riley and a couple other thugs. Haylie and I stood close by, watching for any unwanted visitors. Haylie nudged my shoulder, pulling the blanket over one of her shoulders. We sat side by side sharing a blanket that I found in the back of Riley’s car. Haylie smiled slightly at my sending one of those ‘Everything’s

the effects of drug abuse

1254 words - 5 pages to drug use than to other activities and obligations, increased tolerance, and sometimes a physical withdrawal state.Addiction is a complex disorder characterized by compulsive drug use. While each drug produces different physical effects, all abused substances share one thing in common that is, repeated use can alter the way the brain looks and functions. Taking a recreational drug causes a surge in levels of dopamine in the brain, which trigger

The Effects of Drug Abuse

1429 words - 6 pages I do not think that the world will be able to address these matters. So with time either the drug problem will have to disappear by itself or it will just keep rising with no stop in sight. But as history tells, most major drugs start to fade like an old fashion and the trend will stop dead. The United States needs to start showing more ads on television giving information about these drugs and showing the effects of these drugs. Instead of

The Side Effects of Technology on Children

1585 words - 7 pages . Concerned with the increasing popularity of television and its possible negative effects during the time, Bradbury wrote “The Veldt”. In this short story, two children become attached to their high-tech nursery and value it more than their own parents. In the review titled “Overview: ‘The Veldt’” mentions that “this fear [of television] is directly reflected in ‘The Veldt,’ but in the story, Bradbury heightens the odds by creating a machine that not

The Side Effects of Social Media

1352 words - 6 pages We live in a world with technological advances that are rapidly changing right in front of our very eyes. The main focus here is the effects of social media globally and locally. There are many positives and negatives that social media has on our society. In this essay we will be taking a look at social media locally in our own country and globally through other countries around the world. Is social media a positive or negative thing in our

Ecstasy: The True Side Of A False Drug

1328 words - 5 pages Russian roulette because the contents of the tablets are unknown and unregulated and the dealers and suppliers are concealed and unaccountable.Using this drug brings on many short and long term effects to your body. Common short-term adverse side effects include sweating, fatigue, and muscle spasms including lockjaw or jaw clenching (Weir 4). The short-term effects may sound minor, but often these effects, along with neglecting to take care of them

Side Effects of Antidepressants

1562 words - 6 pages Side Effects of Antidepressants Side effects have played a significant role in the development of SSRI’s. The first drug, iproniazid, was developed to fight tuberculosis in the early 1950's, and had a noticeable side effect on mood elevation. Soon it was known as a "happy drug". This drug immediately gained attention from physicians and depression researchers. At that time the only drug on the market for depression was opium

The Effects And Side Effects Of Today's Legal Prohormones

1543 words - 6 pages bodybuilders taking prohormones experience terrible side effects, muscular gains that are less than expected, depleted testosterone levels and destroyed endocrine systems. The first prohormones (adrostenedione) became available in December of 1996. Sales really took off shortly after thanks to Mark McGuire, and the ease of access everybody had to these prohormones. The past few decades the popularity of prohormones have skyrocketed and marketing for the

What Are the Side-Effects of Using Kratom?

741 words - 3 pages experienced "unusual mood swings". Upon finding 80 empty bottles of Kratom, the family sought medical assistance, fearing, "…it was going to kill her, or ruin her health…" What do Regulatory Authorities Say About Side-Effects of Kratom? The FDA is experiencing "major concerns" because the drug is "being marketed as a pain reliever". The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) established Kratom has "sedative and euphoric effects that can lead to

Similar Essays

Side Effects Of The Drug Thalidomide

664 words - 3 pages Thalidomide was a popular drug used by many pregnant women in the 1950’s and 1960’s as a sedative. As stated by the Thalidomide Victims Association of Canada (2014),“The German drug company Chemie Grünenthal created Thalidomide to reduce the symptoms in pregnant patients experiencing morning sickness.”“After women taking thalidomide delivered their babies, it was evident that there was very severe and noticeable abnormalities.These birth defects

Heart Attack Drug No Side Effects

1355 words - 6 pages Every 33 seconds, someone dies due to a heart attack. Annually, 1 million lives are taken because of heart attacks. Professors Arthur Christopoulos and Peter Scammells, along with a team of scientists, have combined two molecules to produce a drug to minimize side effects in preventing heart attacks. The Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences is where scientists constructed this new drug. The MIPS, established in 2008, is Australia’s

An Outline Of The Various Drug Treatments For Bipolar Disorder And Their Potential Side Effects And Limitations

351 words - 2 pages Medication is the most important treatment for bipolar disorders. I will outline the medication listed in the textbook and state their potential side effects and limitations in point form.Drug: LithiumLithium is the first choice of treatment for bipolar disorders and it is indicated that Lithium is effective in the alleviation of manic and depressive episodes. 75-80% of patients who take Lithium as directed show improvement. One patient, on page

The Side Effects Of Mx Essay

1000 words - 4 pages becomes permanent. These side effects are temporary and would disappear as the body adapts to the medication. In addition, MX has a dark-blue color, which causes discoloration of the sclera to appear bluish and urine to become blue-green for an interval of 24 hours after the drug infusion. Since MS is an autoimmune disease, many of the treatments used to treat MS are immunosuppressant drugs. MX is one of these drugs. It destructs the DNA of the T