Sigmund Freud Essay

1599 words - 6 pages

On the day of May 6, 1856 Sigmund Freud was born in Freiberg, Moravia. Freiberg, Moravia is now known as Pribor, Czech Republic. Freud moved around a lot as a child. His father was a wool merchant, whose business failed in Moravia, so they moved to Leipzig and then to Vienna. In 1937 the Nazis annexed Austria, and Freud, who was Jewish, was allowed to leave for England.He enrolled at the medical school at the University of Vienna in 1873. He received his medical degree in 1881. In 1882 he was engaged to be married, he worked as a doctor at Vienna General Hospital. Shortly after his marriage in 1886, Freud set up a private practice in the treatment of psychological disorders. In 1885-86 Freud spent most of the year in Paris. He was very much interested in the works of Jean Charcot, who was using hypnotism to treat hysteria and other abnormal mental conditions. Freud found that this did not work well, and the results were short term.Freud went back to Vienna and worked with an old friend Josef Breuer. Together they worked on, formulated, and developed the idea that many neuroses had their origins in deeply traumatic experiences. These experiences had occurred in the past life of the patient but which were now forgotten, hidden from consciousness. In 1895, published Studies in Hysteria a book about the ideas traumatic past experiences. "In 1900, after a protracted period of self-analysis, he published The Interpretation of Dreams, which is generally regarded as his greatest work, and this was followed in 1901 by The Psychopathology of Everyday Life, and in 1905 by Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality." In 1909 he was asked to give a course of lectures in the United States, from this came his 1916 book Five Lectures on Psycho-Analysis. He introduced a new tripartite (id, ego, and super-ego) model of the mind in 1923, in his work entitled The Ego and the Id. He died of cancer while exiled in England in 1939.The case of Anna O. was a significant part in the development of psychoanalysis. Anna O. was Bertha Pappenheim a 21 year old who was attractive and suffered from severe hysteria. Symptoms appeared when she was nursing her dying father. Breuer used hypnosis to treat her, and many of the symptoms went away. After a while Anna O. began to transfer her love for her father towards Breuer, who happened to look similar to her father. This case of Anna O. introduced Freud to the talking cure, which became an important part of his work.Through a technique of free association, where a patient openly talks about whatever comes to mind at the time, Freud tried to bring about the conscious awareness of the represses memories or thoughts. These thoughts are thought to be the source of abnormal behavior and the conscious awareness of these repressed thoughts makes it possible to work on them. From the free association technique, Freud found that many memories reached as far back as early childhood and most concerned sexual issues.As it turns out many of the...

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