Sigmund Freud Essay

1140 words - 5 pages

Sigmund FreudSigmund FreudPatricia PerezOctober 8, 2013Houston Community CollegeAuthor NoteThis paper was prepared for Psychology 2301, taught by Professor McGintyAlthough Sigmund Freud was not the first person to study psychology, he was the most noted on studying the human behavior. Sigmund Freud was born in Frieberg, Moravia in 1856, but at the age of 4 years old his family moved to Vienna where he lived and worked the rest of his life. He is the eldest of 8 children born to Jacob and Amalie Freud. Freud was a very intelligent person; he loved to work and study hard. After he finished school he was not sure what he wanted to do with his life. He thought about becoming a doctor since he did practice medicine, but that was not what he really wanted to do. In 1886 he met a woman by the name of Martha, who he married and had 6 children with. The youngest of his children, Anna, became a psychoanalyst herself. He spent three years at the Vienna General Hospital trying his skills in surgery, internal medicine, and psychiatric. Between all his work at the hospital, his researching, and not being able to spend time with his family, made him become depressed, not to mention the fact that he was not pursuing what he wanted the most. Freud and Martha stayed married until his death in 1939; Martha died 12 years later in 1951.According to Freud there is conscience and the unconscious. The conscience mind is the part where we acknowledge everything we do. The unconscious mind is things we are not aware of, for example, our dreams. In 1923 Freud formulated a model of the structure of the mind named the 'tripartite', because he distinguished three structural elements within the mind, which he named id, ego, and superego. The id is the part of the mind where we have the sexual drives that require satisfaction; this is found in the unconscious mind. The ego develops from the id and ensures that the impulses of the id can be expressed in a manner acceptable in the real world. The superego provides guidelines for making judgments; it is our right and wrong. All 3 work together to make a functional and healthy personality. He also theorized that these 3 parts often conflict causing misshaped personalities, if not treated. Sigmund Freud was the first to propose the theory of psychoanalysis, which he used to treat mental disorders. His approach was to observe his patients during therapeutic sessions, in which his patients would talk about their thoughts without any reservations. He would focus on how the person would see the world instead of trying to get into their head. To this day, Freud's theory about psychosexual stages and unconscious still remain popular amongst psychologist.Freud's theory of sexuality and the nature of neuroses led him to develop a clinical treatment for treating such disorders. This has become so influential today that when people speak of psychoanalysis they mostly refer to the clinical treatment; however, the term properly refers to both...

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