This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Sigmund Freud And Defense Mechanism Essay

1619 words - 6 pages

Sigmund Freud began studying human defense mechanisms in the late 1800s. His work became a solid foundation for the continued study into this topic for the last century, especially in regards to the work of his daughter, Anna Freud. Anna Freud believed that identifying a patient’s way of defending himself against his undesirable instincts would help psychotherapist discover the root of “unwelcome affects” (A. Freud, 1936, p. 32 via Sollod, Wilson and Monte, 2009, p. 199). Although there are a multitude of defense mechanisms to consider in psychoanalytic psychology, the five chosen for discussion include repression, denial, projection, displacement, and sublimation.
The Harm in Use of Defense Mechanisms Indiscriminately
The use of any one or combination of defense mechanisms can be extraordinarily harmful when used indiscriminately. A multitude of studies have been done to discover different results of immature defense mechanisms and have begun to identify ties with various clinical and pathological dysfunctions. A study done in Scotland determined that an individual with a reported use of immature defense mechanisms is associated with a greater risk of deliberate self harm (Brody and Carson, 2012, p. 766). Immature defense mechanisms have also been found to be linked with comorbid depressive symptoms, poorer physical health, severity of dependency in substance dependents, dissociative experiences and alexithymia (Evren et al., 2012).
Repression is one of the most common defense mechanisms found in human behavior, which has resulted in a large magnitude of studies done on how to treat patients in psychotherapy dealing with its harmful effects. Repression takes place in the unconscious superego functioning and can be explained as a sort of “motivated amnesia” (Sollod et al., 2009, p. 40). As defined in the text Beneath the Mask, repression is “motivated forgetting characterized by its unconscious, automatic nature”. This means that the individual experiencing repression is no longer aware at all of whatever experience or memory is being repressed. The individual is not consciously aware of its occurrence; it is the mind’s way of completely blocking out an experience in order to avoid anxiety. An example of repression is an individual who suffers from acrophobia who cannot remember when he became afraid of heights is experiencing repression of the memory of the anxiety-provoking occurrence with heights.
Although repression is an extremely common defense mechanism, it is also a potentially extremely harmful defense as well. An article published in 2010 discusses a possible link between the indiscriminate use of the repressive defense mechanism in schizophrenic patients (Scholes & Martin, 2010). The same article addresses that repressors tend to “overestimate their own level of physiological resilience” (Scholes & Martin, 2010, p. 406). That tendency could potentially lead to issues in that the individual does not take necessary...

Find Another Essay On Sigmund Freud and Defense Mechanism

The Career and Discoveries of Sigmund Freud

746 words - 3 pages Sigmund Freud is considered to be one of Psychology's most influential figures of all time. He is also considered to be one of the most controversial people of the twentieth century with his views on personality, sexuality, childhood, and therapy. He is best known for his views on sexuality and how they are directly related to ones pyschological processes. Sigmund Freud was born May 6, 1856 in Freidberg, Morvavia (now the Czech Republic

Sigmund Freud: His Life And His Work

3014 words - 12 pages Sigmund Freud was born on May 6th 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia, which is now in Czech Republic. He is the eldest of eight children born to Jacob and Amalie Freud. Because of the anti-semetic riots who were ragging in Freiberg , Freud’s father, who was a wool merchant, lost his business and the whole family had to move to Leipzig (1859) and shortly after to Vienna where Freud spend most of his life. When he lived in Vienna, Freud had, once more, to

Compare and Contrast: Freud Sigmund and Carl Gustav Jung

905 words - 4 pages Freud Sigmund and Carl Gusav Yung are two psychoanalysts who share the same similarities and differences in their career study. Both professional analysts embraced tremendous contributions to psychology. Sigmund theorized human behaviors, mental illness, interpretations of dreams and the unconscious. Carl Gustav Yung formulates the concepts of dream symbols, individuation, and personality types. Freud Sigmund was born on May 6, 1856, in Freiberg

Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud: Human Perception and Morality

1533 words - 6 pages through their realizations are Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud. Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud both have strong views on society’s perception and morality. They have proved that society is driven on our perceptions, morality, and code of ethics. Karl Marx was a German philosopher, born May 5, 1818. He was not a philosophical materialist nor did he advocate mechanical materialism like others who did around the seventeenth and eighteenth century. Marx was

Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, C.J. Jung and William James

2030 words - 8 pages Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, C.J. Jung and William James were all brilliant and diverse theorists who made vast contributions to the science of psychological studies. These brilliant minds fueled the psychological studies of future theorists with their contrasting theoretical approaches and discoveries. At times, they collaborated to formulate concepts and understandings but separated because of conceptual disputes. Freud’s psychoanalysis

The three main theorie of Sigmund Freud and his contribution to society

981 words - 4 pages The Contributions of Dr. Sigmund FreudSigmund Freud is the Jewish neurologist turned psychiatrist from 19th century Austria who is considered by many to be the father of the modern psychoanalytical method. The theories of Dr. Freud revolutionized the way society perceived mental workings and the mind. Among Freud's most famous theories are the theory of the mind, the Oedipus and Elektra complexes and the theory on the stages of sexual

Jean-Paul Sartre the Existentialist, Sigmund Freud the Determinist, and Victor Frankenstein

2692 words - 11 pages Freud revolutionized unconscious drives in the 20th century and was a determinist. He believed that humans operate under subjectivity also, but with many behaviors resulting from unconscious drives. Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein tested many theories on human nature. Sartre would consider some decisions made by the character Victor Frankenstein as acts of bad faith, but attribute the end result to authenticity; Sigmund Freud would attribute

Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson/ Science vs. Religion - Hunter college/ religion - essay

833 words - 4 pages Science vs. Religion Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson are two psychologists who disagreed on the value of religion for human civilization. Freud argued that religion is a corrosive influence for society because it is rooted in fantasy; whereas Erikson believed that religion provides an important framework and order for life. A 2010 Pew Research study estimated that 5.9 billion people claim affiliation to an organized religious group.  If Freud's

Acknowledging Depressive Symptoms as Beneficial Defense Mechanism From Biological and Social Aspect

1876 words - 8 pages have Human Immunodeficiency Virus, have higher mortality rate. Despite the long list of potential symptoms, depression is not solely pejorative, when considering beneficial factors. Although psychiatrists and researchers argue that depression related symptoms require immediate treatments for considering its detrimental primary and secondary effects, depression outweighs its potential costs by aiding and improving defense mechanism through

Major Theorist Paper: Sigmund Freud

2572 words - 11 pages to protect ourselves, to manipulate, deny, or even misrepresent reality through a process of repression, identification, or rationalization. The defense mechanism helps us defend against feelings of anxiety and unacceptable impulses to maintain one's self schema. (pg. 40) This was not much my work but I hope I cited it correctly. Sigmund Freud was a quite interesting man but unfortunately he did his theories to excuse people’s behavior

Sigmund Freud

1556 words - 6 pages memories were especially painful, people kept them out of conscious awareness. He used the term defense mechanism for the methods by which individuals handled painful memories. Freud believed that patients used mass amounts of energy to form defense mechanisms (Gay 97). Tying up energy could affect a person's ability to lead a productive life, causing an illness called neurosis.      Sigmund Freud also believed that many childhood memories

Similar Essays

Sigmund Freud And His Psychology Essay

3501 words - 14 pages Sigmund Freud and His Psychology Sigmund Freud is one of the most famous psychologists to ever hit the study of psychology. His name alone symbolizes the importance of his theories, and the name that comes to most people's heads when saying the word psychology is Sigmund Freud. Freud was a psychodynamic psychologist and came from the conservative point of view which states that man is bad and society is good, which I do not agree

Sigmund Freud Then And Now Essay

1115 words - 4 pages Sigmund Freud is one of the most influential psychoanalysts of the twentieth century. Born on May 6, 1856, in Austria, Freud moved with his family to Vienna at the age of four. In the 1860s, Vienna was a melting pot for immigrants, and Freud’s Jewish family was able to flourish (Kandler, 2004). As in living, Freud’s death held significant meaning. According to Neuhaus (2008), Freud died on an important day of Jewish celebration

Emile Durkheim And Sigmund Freud Essay

1193 words - 5 pages Emile Durkheim and Sigmund Freud Emile Durkheim and Sigmund Freud are European sociologists who studied and wrote about the affect of industrializations and with society. Emile Durkheim is known to many in the humanities and academic fields. Freud is familiar to anyone who has studied intellectual and scientific history. Durkheim and Freud believed understanding the rules of society was vital for human survival. Durkheim compares to Freud in

Sigmund Freud And His Theories Essay

1569 words - 6 pages Sigmund Freud is a very intelligent man, but some of his ideas were too extreme. He was a very persistent man, and many ideas were well developed and critical in the forming of psychology and its ideas today. Freud was excellent in his research, and explored the life stages, the id, ego and superego, along with what he considered the most important drive of the human mind: sex.Born in the small town of Freiberg, Moravia, on May 6th, 1856, Freud