Throughout the late nineteenth century, the realm of psychology went through many revolutionary changes. At the time, most people were concerned about coming up with new medical treatments and advances for the human body. However there were those who pursued research on the human mind. Psychological theories were thrown around in various speculations and debates, but none were scientifically proven. A majority of thinkers directly linked their psychological studies to biology, and philosophy. Mental therapeutic treatments were scarce. And the few available were unreliable. A few of methods of treatment consisted of the water cure, and music therapy. Jewish psychologist, Sigmund Freud, came along and founded a revolutionary type of psychological therapy. Commonly referred to as the father of psychoanalysis, Freud contributed greatly to the understanding of the human mind and intellect.
Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856 in the village of Freiberg, Moravia. He was the son of Jewish merchant, Jacob Freud, and his third wife Amalia. Sigi, as his family called him, was followed by two brothers and five sisters (“Freud” n.p.). At age four, Freud’s family moved to Vienna, Austria when his father’s business fell through due to economical issues. At eight years old, Freud was already reading Shakespeare. As an early adolescent he heard a lecture on Goethe’s essay on nature which impacted him significantly (“Freud” n.p.). As an adolescent on the verge of adulthood, Freud was influenced by ethnic tensions, class dilemmas, and various intellectual theories near the end of the nineteenth century.
In 1881 Freud graduated from the Medical Faculty, University of Vienna with a doctorate in medicine (Newman n.p.). He was a bright young man, however his career choices were limited as a direct result of his Jewish heritage. From 1876-1882 Freud worked under E. Brucke as a research assistant at the Psychological Institute of Vienna (Newman n.p.). And then in 1884 he began working with head Viennese Doctor, Josef Breuer, who collected research on patients with hysteria, through hypnosis. (Newman n.p.). The following year Freud obtained a one-year scholarship to the Salpetriere Hospital working beside neurologist, Jean-Martin Charcot. He remained there for two years before settling down with his wife, Martha Bernays, and beginning private practice. On his own, inspired by great individuals he met along his way, Freud began theorizing ideas and writing psychological novels. In 1895 Freud went on a vacation which ended up inspiring his earliest novel, The Interpretation of Dreams.
In 1895, Freud spent the summer at Schloss Belle Vue. On the night of July 23rd, Freud had a dream (ABOUT WHAT) which he translated to be wish fulfillment. Such ideas led to Freud’s first novel, The Interpretation of Dreams, published in 1900. Although the Schloss was demolished, there is currently an inscription of a quote from a letter that Freud wrote to Wilhelm Fliess: “Do you really...