There are many different theories and theorist that have been around for the last few hundred years, discussing and doing research on child growth and development. Some agree with each other’s theories but more do not. The one person that sticks out to me as one of the best theorist is Sigmund Freud. His thoughts and theories are known worldwide and some are controversial but one that I have found he is very well known for is his theories on Elements of Personality and The Stages of Psychosexual Development. There are three elements to his thoughts on personality, Id, Ego and Superego. As well as five stages to his thoughts on Psychosexual development, Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, and Genital.
Freud’s life began like many others he was born in Freiberg, Moravia in May of 1856, to the parents of Jacob and Amelia Freud. With the birth name of Sigismund Freud, which he would later shorten to Sigmund Freud. His family soon moved to Vienna, Austria due to the economy and settled in the Jewish neighborhood of Leopoldstant. (Ferris, Paul (1999). Dr. Freud: A Life) Freud was home schooled before going to Spurling Gymnasium, where he graduated top of his class.
Freud then went on to study medicine at the University of Vienna and received his Decorate Degree in Medicine in 1881. He became a well known and well like physician, working with well known French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot. Where he studied the emotional disorder known as (hysteria) that effected many females, or now more commonly described as dissociative disorders and somatoform disorders.(Gay, Peter (1998). Freud: A Life for Our Time)
Freud began his own practice and got married to his wife Martha Berneys in 1886, the following year he had his first child Mathilda. She would later be under shadowed by his second daughter and fifth child Anna Freud which would go on to become a well known and famous Psychologist of her own. With her greatest work being she founded Child Psychoanalysis,...