Sigmund Freud's Theory In Golding's Lord Of The Flies

767 words - 3 pages

Woven into the work of Golding, could be found the theory of personality composed by Sigmund Freud. The structure of this theory, built by the id, the ego and the superego, all connect to the personalities of the main characters in Lord of the Flies. Approached

Starting from birth, the id is one of the main components of this theory. Described in three separate parts, Freud’s theory states the component of the id being the part of personality in which is the base of which all urges come from. The id falls under Freud’s category of the unconscious mind and sometimes unreasonable thinking, driven by the urge to avoid pain. Also, the id demands immediate happiness and lack of this could result in unpleasure or pain. Stated by Sigmund Freud, himself, the Id runs on the “pleasure principle” (Freud 1920 A.D.). Jack could best be connected with the personality described by the id, as he is always searching for power wherever and whenever he can get it. As the leader of the choir, commands were screamed often and soon enough the choir became “wearily obedient (Golding 20)” and even hesitant to talk to him; “But, Merridew. Please, Merridew. . . can’t we? (20)”. Few voices tried to protest, but always failed going against a leader with this much power. In the beginning of the novel, Jack started to build power over his choir but by the end, he built a whole army of people including few who had crashed with the plane. Being powerful, Jack neglected his duties and disregarded the outcomes causing the rescue of all to fall through. Jack gets yelled at by the selected leader, Ralph, for neglecting his duties but it doesn’t seem to bother him. “You could have had everyone when the shelters were finished. But you had to hunt... You didn’t ought to have let that fire out. You said you’d keep the smoke going (71)”. Jack -disregarding the ‘boring’ tasks, such as watching for ships or keeping the fire going- goes out and hunts for his pleasure, causing the boys chance of rescue to decrease, which directly reflects the Id component of the theory of Freud. Not only in action does he require his pleasure but also in simple...

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