Sikhism Essay

4687 words - 19 pages

MBA Cover Sheet and Own Work DeclarationCandidate Number: 279701Title of Course: Marketing Culture and SocietySubmission Date: 10th March 10, 2008Title of Work: SikhismQuestion Number (if appropriate): N/AI confirm that all this work is my own except where indicated, and that I have:Clearly referenced/listed all sources as appropriateReferenced and put in inverted commas all quoted text (from books, web, etc)Given the sources of all pictures, data etc that are not our ownNot made any use of the essay(s) of any other student(s) either past or presentNot sought or used the help of any external professional agencies for the workAcknowledged in appropriate places any help that we have received from others (e.g. fellow students, statisticians, external sources)Complied with any other plagiarism criteria specified in the course handbookFor group work, we certify that all members of the group have made a significant contribution.I understand that any false claim for this work will be reported to the Proctors and will be penalised in accordance with the University regulations.SIGNED: 279701SikhismPeople may be religious, atheists or agnostic. Religion has become a service that one can choose to follow. Religion is a way by which the individual can address and answer some of the questions of life that are hard to explain. It may be seen as in case of Douglas and Isherwood that religion or spirituality may be almost a human need. It is not a biological need essential for the physical survival it is a psychological need that is necessary for the human race.Sikhism is one of the youngest religions in the world. It originated in India in 1469 with the birth of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Now it has the distinction of being the 5th largest religion with 26 million followers worldwide. The followers of Sikhism are referred to as 'Sikhs'. The word 'Sikh' means a disciple. Sikhism is a monotheistic religion and all Sikhs believe in one God. The ten gurus of the Sikh religion gave a set of ways and thoughts about being close to the eternal being. They enshrined their findings in the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of the Sikhs which the Gurus and followers abide by. The Guru Granth Sahib is given the status of the 11th Guru in the religion.Arena of ExchangeHistoryOne must recognize the conditions of India at the time of founding of the religion and the birth of Guru Nanak in India. Guru Nanak was born in a Hindu family and loved to preach and practice humility or humanitarianism. In the early 1500's the concept of religion in India had gone through a lot of change. Religion which was a way of getting closer to God was marred by the caste system and by irrelevant ritual which had been brought into it. Hinduism and Islam were the religions followed at that time. Guru Nanak, inspired by the good beliefs of both the religions, removed the irrelevant beliefs and started Sikhism. Sikhism was aimed at removing the caste system and practices like 'Sati' prevalent in the culture...

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