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Similarites Between The Theories Of Max Weber And Karl Marx

1029 words - 4 pages

Max Weber and Karl Marx has often been regarded as influential theorists who both analyzed in how the society is constructed in relationship to its economic conditions, more specifically on the division of labour. Both the labour and economics create a force on how societies are shaped and because of that Weber and Marx each developed a unique theory on how individuals react and how societies are formed. Many individuals say that, Marx and Weber both analyzed similar ideas however, they both had two very different perspective on it. The disparity between the two theorists was not about the idea that division does not exist, but rather how society acknowledged and reacted to the division. Max Weber’s theory is that capitalist system is perceived to be key not only to societal progression but individuals as well, whereas Karl Marx seen the division of labour of the start to all social conflict throughout history. This paper examines the agreement and disagreement of social stratification and inequality by both Weber and Marx.
Max Weber’s main purpose of the theory goes on to explaining that, Class, Status, Party are what make up the structure of our society. Weber lays out the idea that society falls under these three categories and these structures make up our society. Though Weber believes that capital has a large role in the distribution of power, he also includes how economic inequality shapes class as well. In order for Weber to determine class he used three of the following principles: “When (1) a number of people have in common a specific casual component of their life chances, in so far as (2) this component is represented exclusively by economic interests in the possession of goods and opportunities for income, and (3) is represented under the conditions of the commodity or labour markets” (P. 273).. With these principles, Weber indicates that a person’s class is determined by the choices an individual or community has in order to gain living a comfortable lifestyle. Along with that, “property” and “lack of property” are the basic categories that Weber believed to define class as a whole and the possession of property defined the class difference. “It does not matter whether these two categories become effective in the competitive struggles of the consumers or of the producers”(p.274). The property owners are usually considered to be part of the upper class, has privileged access to sources and have control over the market, whereas, individuals who fall under lack of property are of the lower-middle classes who provide work in the labour market and it is mandatory that they follow societal rules by the ruling class. Weber did not strongly believe that class led to the uniformity in social action. (Social Action)
Weber did not perceive class and status to be defined as one, he argued that status groups meant communities. Status meant that any of the chances that were provided to an individual was determined by status honor, this was the...

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