There are many different curriculums that are used in early childhood classrooms. Two curriculums that are used are High Scope and Reggio Emilia. Both of these curriculums have unique aspects that make up their curriculums. In addition, High Scope and Reggio Emilia have similarities and differences.
In Ypsilanti, Michigan Dr. David P. Weikard created High Scope in 1970. High Scope does research in a variety of areas. However, they are best known for their research in preschool education and their preschool curriculum approach. High Scope preschool curriculum is used throughout the world and has had an impact on Head Start programs (Morrison, 1976, p. 15).
High Scope promotes the developmental domains in their Key Developmental Indicators (KDIs). KDIs break down the developmental domains, and it talks about how they can be incorporated in the curriculum. Cognitive development is promoted through their children exploring objects through their five senses, exploring similarities and different in on things in the environment, one to one correspondence, numbers, Seeing things form different perspectives, time intervals, and cause and effect. High Scope also promotes Cognitive development through their large and small group times. Social and emotional developments are promoted through teacher- child interactions, child- child interactions through play, group participation, children forming attachments to primary care teacher, and children distinguishing themselves from other. The KDIs helps as a tool for teachers to help promote positive and strong relationships with adults and children. KDIs also help promote physical development through movement abilities, fitness, and healthy behavior in the classroom. High Scope helps to develop activates that promote physical development that are developmentally appropriate and personal care skills that will “foster lifelong health” ("What We Teach — Curriculum Content", 2014).
The High Scope curriculum incorporates diversity in its approach. High Scope incorporates diversity through developmentally appropriate approaches, which allow the children to progress at their own rate through the use of learning centers. According to Morrison, High Scope does not focus on the child’s deficits, but instead focuses on social, cognitive, and physical abilities, which are important for every child especially ones with special needs. Teachers in the High Scope approach will identify the developmental level of a special needs child. Then the teachers will provide different experiences that are appropriate for a normal child at their developmental age. For example, if a special needs child is four years old but is developmentally at a two year old level then, the child would use gestures and point with the fingers to express their plans. The teacher would then immerse the child in activities that provide opportunities to hearing and using language (Morrison, 1976, p. 19-20). High Scope shows multi-cultural...