Similarities And Differences Of China And India

1505 words - 6 pages

Period 4/5September 8, 2014Prompt: Analyze the differences and similarities in classical China and India.Classical India and China were among one of the oldest and most fascinating civilizations that have existed during the Classical period in 1000 B.C.E-600 B.C.E. As both civilizations developed, they both showed significant uniqueness. In fact, India and China shared many political, cultural, and economical similarities. But despite their similarities, they too acquired distinctive qualities throughout the same categories.To begin with, India and China's political systems had their differences, but they also had significant similarities. In China they had a centralized government, meaning they were ruled by an emperor of a royal family. These emperors controlled China through a bureaucratic system. But before a person can be part of the bureaucracy, they first have to take a civil service exam because the government was run by the civil service. This test was really hard and requires a lot of studying. Most of the people who took the exam were the rich people because they could afford tutors or go to universities for them to study. The emperor divided his empire into 36 small provinces, and in each provinces has a pair of government officials in charge of it. The reason why there were two officials is so they can keep an eye on each other. The place you get in the civil service depends on the score you get on the exam. The way this whole thing works is that the empire gets broken down in half with two officials for each, and then the provinces gets broken into smaller provinces again with two officials in charge of it. And the unit goes smaller and smaller, each unit reporting to the official above from them. These levels of officials were paid very well. The reason they had set this up, was so they would be able to control every minute of every single person's lives. This evidence is important because this shows a major difference between India and China. Both civilizations governed differently from one another. Moreover, the Chinese believed that the Mandate of Heaven granted the emperors the right to rule. Also they believed that when a dynasty fell, it was because that ruler became corrupt. They say that the Mandate of Heaven takes the gift of power and gives it to another. The emperors were at the top of the social structure above with the scholars whom were considered to be great value to society. In China's social structure, the merchants were considered to be on the bottom because they were seen as people who were out for profit and did not contribute to society. Below the merchants were the unskilled people(mean people), although they were at the bottom of the social ladder, they were still able to have contact with the higher classes. On the other hand, India's rulers were aristocratic kings. This meant that the title was hereditary. But unlike China's emperors, India's kings had limited power. While China's emperors had divine...

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