Part A: Plan of Investigation
Artists created their own unique style in Greek culture and with the creation of the Roman Empire, Greek artwork had been spread throughout the region. When the empire eventually split and faded from existence, Greek artwork had left its mark on the remaining civilizations. Because Byzantium had arisen from the ashes of the Roman Empire, Byzantine artwork incorporated aspects of Greek art within their own artwork. The purpose of this investigation is to compare and contrast art in ancient Greece and Byzantium. Recognizing the similarities and differences between two related cultures is vital in understanding the evolution of art from one culture to another. Within this investigation designs/patterns and symbols will be researched in the Greek Classical Period (ca. 480-323 BCE) and the Byzantine Golden Age (ca. 850-1050 BC). Artwork within the cities of Athens, Constantinople and others will be examined, examinations and conclusions determined by the Metropolitan Museum of Art will be inspected and online and print sources will be studied as well.
Word Count: 164
Part B: Summary of Evidence
Art in Greece’s Classical Period
Attic Vase Painting
Attic Vase painting was a popular style between the sixth and the end of the fourth centuries BCE and the technique itself was first used by Athenian potters. Usually the necks and bodies were created first (on a wheel) and then the handles were added later. In black-figure vase painting, designs were painted using a black-tinted slip that turned black during firing, while the background would remain clay colored. Red-figure vase painting is the opposite. Three stages of firing: (1) Oxidizing stage: air is allowed into the kiln turning the whole vase clay colored (2) Green wood is placed inside the kiln and oxygen flow is repressed which turns the vase black (3) Air is reintroduced to the kiln and the areas on vases that were glossed remain black while the rest converts back to clay colored. Differently styled vases were crafted for each beverage and ritual. Red-figure technique became much more popular than the black-figure technique. Material found in both the pot itself and the glaze painted on its surface were similar in composition.
Marble, limestone, bronze, terra-cotta, wood and a combination of gold and ivory known as chryselephantine were mediums of ancient Greek sculptures used in the fifth century BCE. Statues were often adorned with pearl, gold, jewels and accessories to give them a more vivid appearance. Most statues were of male men athletes (naked), entities and mythological creatures such as centaurs. Many statues of significant figures were created after their death. Interest in the female nude body (divinity) later became more popular amongst Greek sculptors. In the fourth century, characterization came into play. Characterization focused on creating sculptures that were of no real person.
Art in the Byzantine...