War establishes many controversial issues and problems within society and can often expose an individual to many economic and sociopolitical hardships; thus creating an altercation in the way they view life. Amir, from the novel The Kite Runner and the novel’s author Khaled Hosseini, both saw the harsh treatment toward the people of Afghanistan through a series of wars, invasions, and the active power of a Pashtun movement known as the Taliban. Amir, much like Hosseini, lived a luxurious and wealthy life in Kabul. He is well educated and immerses himself in reading and writing. After transitioning from a life in Afghanistan to a life in the United States, both Hosseini and Amir faced obstacles in order to assimilate to American society. In The Kite Runner, written by Khaled Hosseini, the protagonist Amir parallels the experiences and hardships that Hosseini endured in his own lifetime.
Amir and Khaled Hosseini both endured many graphic and life changing historical events that changed Afghanistan from a once peaceful country to one of brutal tyranny and turmoil. In 1979, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in order to expand their Communist government which was declining due to lack of support in the 1970’s (Sullivan). The USSR sent a vast army of soldiers with the intentions of instituting Communistic reforms. This led to the mistreatment of many people in Afghanistan because the Soviet Union sought to eliminate all of the civilians and destroy the country. A bombing caused by the Soviets led to the destruction of many households, villages and millions of people (Zhang). In The Kite Runner, Amir describes the changes to Afghan lifestyle after the Soviet invasion by stating:
You couldn't trust anyone in Kabul anymore – for a fee or under threat, people told on each other, neighbor on neighbor, child on parent, brother on brother, servant on master, friend on friend... The rafiqs, the comrades, were everywhere and they'd split Kabul into two groups: those who eavesdropped and those who didn't (Hosseini 112).
The transition marked the loss of trust amongst Afghan people due to the effects of the Soviet Union. This transition shaped Hosseini and Amir’s distrust in government and the corruption of Afghani people.
The invasion of Afghanistan by the Soviet Union was not the only event that caused Afghanistan’s drastic changes in society. After the end of Soviet occupation in Afghanistan, a Pashtun movement known as the Taliban came to power in 1994 and sought to restore the peace and security there once was in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Simpson). Although made with good intentions, the Taliban’s plan backfired as it had caused more detrimental than beneficial effects on the citizens of Afghanistan. The leader of the movement was Mohammed Omar who was the head of the Taliban for over 50 years and in the late 1980s. As Afghanistan descended into civil war, Omar was determined to unify and stabilize the country, imposing many strict...