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Similarities Between The Ancient Societies Of Egypt And Mesopotamia

695 words - 3 pages

The ancient societies of Egypt and Mesopotamia had distinct similarities as well as differences relating to topography, the relationship to their bordering river, government, religion, and economics.
In terms of topography, Mesopotamian agriculture was only achieved through the development of irrigation and a good drainage system. This fact had a profound effect on the evolution of early Mesopotamian civilization. The necessity of irrigation led, first the Sumerians, and later the Akkadians, to build along the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers and their branches. While land nearer to the rivers was fertile and therefore, better for sustained crops, the portions of land farther from the water ...view middle of the document...

The pharaoh elected them and ran normal lives with their wives and children. Even though there was not much money at this time in Egypt, taxes were still enforced. The taxation system cared for by the Scribe.
In Mesopotamia, the cities were built around a main temple. Adjacent to the temple were the government type buildings like storehouses and their comparable of a city hall; beyond that were the shops and homes of the citizens. Ur, a city-state in Sumer, was a major center for commerce and trade. Eventually, of course, one king became ambitious and conquered most of the area. This signaled the beginning of the Persian Empire.
Since Egypt was the “gift of the Nile” and generally harmonious, Egyptian gods reflected a positive religion with an emphasis on a positive afterlife. Religion guided every aspect of Egyptian life. Religion was generally polytheistic, except during the reign of Akenaton. Some, such as Amun, were worshipped throughout the whole country, while others were only worshipped locally. Their two chief gods were Amon-Ra and Osiris. Because their religion stressed an afterlife, Egyptians devoted time and wealth to preparing for life in the next world. This would only change late in the...

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