Just War Theory is the belief the war is morally or legally justified. There are four most important tenets, also known as belief, principle, or creed, from the Just War Theory of Saint Augustine.
Saint Augustine was born in A.D. 354 and adopted the Christianity doctrine in A.D. 386 during the decline of the Roman Empire. Saint Augustine believed everything was made from God; therefore everything made is good and perfect. Saint Augustine believed evil, was due to the fall of man, which introduced sin into the world. Prior to the fall of man, there was no death, sickness or suffering in the world.
Saint Augustine understood that war was a result of the fall of man and sin being introduced into the world. Saint Augustine had accepted “war and violence as legitimate means of attacking subjective assessments of evil” (Christopher p42). Saint Augustine had four important tenets which are
“(1) There must be a just cause; (2) Wars must be declared and carried out by proper authority; and (3) The final objective must always be peace. Moreover, Augustine insists that soldiers should never fight for fame or glory, or with a spirit of vengeance.” (Christopher p42).
The first tenet was there must be a just cause for war. The war must be morally justified in situations to protect human rights. The war must be fought was a purpose of self-defense, justify use of force, and must outweigh the wrongs. The second tenet calls for the wars to be declared and carried out by proper authority. The second tenet ensures the decision to use of force is made by those in authority to protect society and public order. The decision to implement a use of force is not decided upon by a single individual or group of individuals. The third tenet is a safeguard the objective of the war is for correct reason. The objective of the use of force is understood by those...