“Cocaine’s a hell of a drug,” as Rick James would say, but who would think it would be used by one of the greatest minds in medicine. Sigmund Freud is known as the founding father of psychoanalysis. His ideas became building the blocks of psychology. He provided many insights on the human mind, and thoughts on how to treat issues in it. It’s kind of hard to believe, seeing that he was probably out his mind half the time. He has helped guide the way for the ideas of psychology today. Sigmund got old along with his ideas. He died, but is his ideas still alive?
In this paper, I will research the ideas and methods of Sigmund Freud as it pertains to the treatment of neurosis and psychosis. First, I will explain what psychoanalysis is, along with neurosis and psychosis. I’ll also go into how psychoanalysis came to be and describe the methods of psychoanalysis. Finally, I will use all my research to come up the answer on whether Sigmund Freud’s ideas and thoughts on psychoanalysis are still alive or just an out of date memory.
Psychoanalysis is defined by the World English Dictionary as a method of studying the mind and treating mental and emotional disorders based on revealing and investigating the role of the unconscious mind. It is medically defined as a man’s unconscious motives and desires seen by different problems while living everyday life (Coriat 13-14). Neurosis is defined by the World English Dictionary as a relatively mild mental disorder, characterized by symptoms such as hysteria, anxiety, depression, or obsessive behavior. Psychosis is defined by the World English Dictionary as any form of severe mental disorder in which the individual's contact with reality becomes highly distorted. Psychoanalysis is primarily thinking about the symptoms of neurosis. Although the analysis is used to find the origin of the symptoms, it also is the treatment for the illness (Coriat 13).
Psychoanalysis is believed to have started when Freud along with Breuer began to treat a woman dealing with hysteria. They realized that their usual techniques were not working and soon found out that the background given by the patient was only half of her history. Her unconscious was repressing her medical antecedents because they were painful memories. The memories were later dug out of her mind with different methods, which we now call psychoanalysis and this helped her relive what happened and it became a cure for her hysteria (Coriat 14-15). This is where Sigmund began to fully develop the methods of psychoanalysis as a cure for mental illnesses such as hysteria, neurosis, and others of their kind.
The first techniques used by Freud and Breuer were hypnosis. Hypnosis was used to make the ego give up its hold on emotions and also stop the function of testing reality (Alexander 14). This did not cure the patients though. They both found out that just hypnotizing the patient and releasing the emotions was not effective unless it was repeated over and over again....