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Sindrome De Muerte Subita Essay

1332 words - 6 pages

Como padres a veces nos puede parecer un poco paranoico entrar al dormitorio de nuestros hijos varias veces durante el día y la noche para comprobar de que todavía respiran. Sera este constante chequeo util?
El síndrome de muerte súbita del lactante (SMSL) también conocido como muerte de cuna es la muerte inexplicable de un bebé saludable por lo general en su sueño. El término síndrome de muerte súbita significa que el bebé murió inesperadamente en su sueño , porque el/ella a dejado de respirar . Los bebés que mueren de esta manera no muestran ningún signo de haber sufrido. No hay ningúnos factores a la causa de que un bebé muera de síndrome de muerte súbita . El diagnóstico de SMSL no ...view middle of the document...

    Otros de los factores de riesgo de muerte de cuna son: fumar, beber y tomar drogas ilegales durante el embarazo. También, Una madre más joven de veinte años de edad, Un bebé que nace con bajo peso,Poner al bebé boca abajo para dormir,Ropa de cama suave en la cuna como " topes " y almohadas. Otros factores son, Tarde o ninguna atención prenatal, Bebés nativos americanos y de Alaska( De acuerdo con el Instituto Nacional de la salud de sitios web). Por ultimo, bebés nacidos de madres adolescentes porque tienen mayores riesgos de nacer con discapacidades , de forma prematura o de los órganos no formadas .
Cuando se trata de la seguridad en la cuna, se recomienda ampliamente poner al bebé a dormir boca arriba. Los estudios demuestran que los bebés que duermen boca arriba tienen menos incidencia de que el síndrome pase.. El síndrome de muerte súbita del lactante se considera la principal causa de muerte en los países industrializados. Una disminución importante en los PEID se llevó a cabo en 1992. La Academia Americana de Pediatría ( AAP) actualizó su política sobre la forma de prevenir el síndrome de muerte súbita del lactante cuando se detectó aumento en las muertes relacionadas con el sueño . La disminución en la incidencia del síndrome que siguió a 1992 fue por la recomendación de la AAP. Ellos recomendaron que los bebés se colocan boca arriba para dormir, señala el grupo de trabajo de los pequeños Estados insulares de la organización en su nueva declaración de política y un informe técnico
( Pediatrics. 2011 ; 128:1030-1039 ; disponible en pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/128/5/1030.long , consultado el 15 de noviembre de 2011).

Desde el lanzamiento de la campaña del sueño en 1994 la incidencia de muerte súbita relacionada ha disminuido más de un cincuenta por ciento. Aunque la campaña fue un éxito un gran porcentaje de los niños afroamericanos todavía estaban durmiendo en sus estómagos . El secretario de Salud y Servicios Humanos en el momento re orientó el "back to sleep" campaña de los bebés de las minorías. Los bebés afroamericanos son dos veces más propensos a muere de SMSL. En general las tasas de mortalidad para los SMSL han disminuido. Pero las cifras de muerte por SMSL relacionados en la comunidad afroamericana no ha disminuido tanto. SMSL es muy alta en la comunidad afroamericana . Una encuesta muestra tres cuartas partes de estas madres comparten una cama con sus bebés . Esta misma información indica que las madres hispanas y caucáseas también fueron menos propensa, de poner al bebé a dormir boca arriba .
La investigación muestra que las madres hispanas son dos veces más propensas a comenzar el cuidado prenatal en el tercer trimestre o en absoluto ,en comparación con las madres blancas no hispanas . Infantes puertorriqueños tienen el doble de probabilidades de morir de bajo peso al nacer en comparación con las madres no...

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