Sinification Of Marxism Essay

1321 words - 5 pages

RISE OF THE CCP AND MAO ZEDONG'S CONTRIBUTIONThe Chinese communist party or the CCP was formed in 1920 by intellectuals who were influenced by the western ideas of Marxism and anarchism. They were inspired by the Bolshevik revolution of 1918 which took place in Russia as well as the May Fourth Movement which swept across China at the end of the First World War. It was formed at a time when China was governed by a number of warlords and the nationalist party or the Kuomintang was the most popular party in the region. The KMT at this time was headed by Chiang Kai Shek.The founding members of the CCP were Li Dazhao and Chen Duxiu who came into contact with one another during the latter's tenure as a Professor at the University of Beijing where the former worked in the library, reading important Marxist works. Their association revolutionized the landscape of the Chinese Marxism, which at that time was just coming up. In The meanwhile, Mao Zedong, who went on to successfully establish the Chinese republic in 1949, was working at the Normal school in Hunan. Belonging to peasant family, Mao grew up respecting traditional Chinese values and Confucian ideals which later on helped him evolve his own interpretation and application of Marxism. 1911 saw the fall of the Qing dynasty and Mao around this time was coming into contact with the revolutionary writings of the time. The Confucian ideal of "Datong" provided upcoming thinkers like Mao the direction and the understanding of the ideas of anarchism.The year 1918 saw the Bolshevik revolution achieve success in Russia and it was around this time that Mao came to Beijing and had a meeting with Dazhao and Chen and joined their Marxist Research Society. The May Fourth Movement took place in China the following year and created a favorable environment for the creation of a communist political outfit as it brought together a number of Marxist societies in China. The communist party of China was therefore established in 1920 under Sun Yat Sen. Mao Zedong was not accorded any major position but he was a part of the whole process nonetheless. The CCP was supposed to work in sync with the Comintern or the Communist international. Since the Comintern supported the Kuomintang or the KMT on the virtue of it being the dominant party, the CCP had to work in an alliance with the KMT which materialized in 1923. The members of CCP, including Mao were incorporated into the Central Executive Committee.This alliance was a consequence of the Comintern's persuasion of the CCP and was not a willful association. As a result, it soon ran into a variety of problems. In 1927, the violent tendencies of the CCPs uprisings caused a bloody massacre in Nanjing. More importantly, the massacre was not contained to warlords and landlords, but spilled over into the British and American embassies. This caused both of these countries to retaliate and their ships began bombarding the city. Kai‐shek took this opportunity to strike back...

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