Sino American Relations Essay

2512 words - 10 pages

Sino-American Relations

I. Introduction
The American President Nixon's historic trip to China in February 1972 marked the beginning of a new era in Sino-American relations. For the first time since 1949, the two countries established high-level official contacts and transformed their relationship from confrontation to collaboration. Over the following twenty years, however, U.S.-China relations have experienced repeated cycles of progress, stalemate, and crisis, with the events in Tiananmen Square in June 1989 the most recent and disruptive example.
Indeed, although relations between the two countries are greatly more extensive today than they were twenty years ago, they remain highly problematic. Yet the obstacles are mainly base on ideology, state interest and international climate. This can especially shown in disputes on Human Rights, Taiwan and trade relationship. This paper will first give some historical background. Afterward, due to the limit and the intensity of this paper, only matters on human rights as major example will be given a more detailed description and analysis. To conclude, I'll try to trace out the view how American government treat the Sino-American relationship in a form of historical progression and give further possible questions in different aspects with the prediction and suggestion to them.

II. Content
Historical progression is used because Sino-American relationship is unlike mostly of other China's foreign partner, but progressive no matter forward or backward all the time. And now we are going to trace how the America deal with the problems raised and history can help find the trend how they change the way used to deal with relationship in between.
Since 1949 to now, from the international climate and decision-maker dimension, there can be divided into 3 progressive states.
From 1949 to 1969, it is the period of ideological conflict. The international environment, especially the occurrence of Korean War and the movement of the American Seventh Fleet into the Taiwan Strait caused the conflicts between the 2 different ideologies become more serious. In the battlefield in Korea, the two nations even act as enemies. Although in the early 60s President John Kennedy considered open a dialogue with China but China and her leader's increasingly anti-imperialist rhetoric caused US's initiative to failure. To make a summary of this period, movement towards better relationship made little progression and there had no way to negotiate, although there was chance, for there was too many 'concrete' actions like the later Vietnam War to prohibit.
The second period was from 1968 to 1989 and is so-called the normalization of the two nation. Since the Soviet Union invade the Czechislovakia, China's leader Mao realized the end of isolation and gave a signal of reopen of dialogue with Washington. The American President Nixon read the signals right and soon the two nations become...

Find Another Essay On Sino-American Relations

The Alliance Between China and the Soviet Union

1594 words - 6 pages securing the nascent republic. This essay will examine the multifarious factors that influenced the Soviet alliance, including relations between the PRC, United States (US) and Soviet Union in addition to PRC foreign policy and its strategic objectives. Historical conceptions of China’s culture and global position shaped the PRC’s perspective. Central to this is Sino-centrism and its edict from heaven for dynastic China to spread civilisation

How did Sino-American tension prior to 1951 trigger Chinese intervention during the Korean War?

2220 words - 9 pages influenced China’s international relations during the next decade, thus directly resulting on the Chinese intervention in the Korean War. However, it was not the only reason. Foreign interventions from other countries, mainly the American concern, significantly affected China’s decision on entering the war. Undergoing the trough of Sino-American relation after the Chinese Civil War, both countries saw each other as a potential threat. China was

Shanghai and China´s Economic Rise

1770 words - 7 pages concerned about the imperialist China. Is the United States just little more than a customer and borrower of Beijing? Is the West no longer ruling the Sino-Western relationship? Is the West dilapidating? On the other hand, Steinfeld has a much different thesis about China’s rise. He argues that China’s growth is stimulating American commercial dominance because “China is playing our game- the game of modern capitalism effectively defined by the

International Relations of Asia

4362 words - 17 pages Cold War and to a less intense degree in the post Cold War era. the Cold War era The Cold War system of international relations was a geopolitical intermixing of security, ideology and the balance of power, especially military power. Everything took root from two essential conflicts: firstly, the US- Soviet opposition and secondly, from the 1970s onwards the Sino-Soviet split; and from one essential alliance: the US-Japanese

Causes and Elevation of the Sino-Soviet Schism

2545 words - 10 pages Sino-Soviet rift is more complex today [Rubenstien wrote his book in 1985] than ever before." (Rubenstien, 148) Some historians argue that the schism has continued to grow long after the end of the 1960's. Other argue that the schism had reached its climax by 1965, when both nations almost completely broke off relations with one another. By 1965 the schism between the USSR and the Soviet Union was complete and it had become a policy between

Consequences of the Cuban Missile Crisis

1622 words - 6 pages that might have been made in the wake of Cuba. Kennedy also considered China to be a greater threat and less interested in détente than the Soviets. Whilst the USSR curbed its aggressive rhetoric, the Chinese did not. They criticised the USSR and Khrushchev for the 'venturesome blunder' and then as being cowards for backing down to the American imperialists. This led to further chilling of relations between the Sino-Soviet relationship as well

The Ping-Pong Diplomacy

1627 words - 7 pages Mao Zedong. A few days later, Zhou told the Pakistan president that Mao had agreed to the American offer depending on many details (Ping, 2004).On December 18 1972, Chairman of China Mao Zedong had a five-hour talk with Edgar Snow about Nixon coming to China and about the relationship between the two countries. In early, 1971, the Chinese Foreign Ministry was talking about the re-opening of Sino-U.S. relations. They talked about who to invite first

U.S. China Relations Post September 11th

1545 words - 6 pages between the post-revolutionary Americans and the Chinese occurred during the voyage of the trader ship Empress of China, which arrived at Canton in 1784 (US-China Relations). Given the Chinese demand for raw goods as well as the American demand for anything remotely exotic, the voyage of the Empress was a financial windfall for its owners and thus began the lucrative Sino-American relationship known as the Old China Trade (US-China Relations). The

The Sino-American Relationship

1954 words - 8 pages The Sino-American Relationship      The main focus of this paper is to analyze the Sino-American relationship and the factors both past and present that make it a complicated and very important issue, as well as future expectations for the development of continued relations. American contact with China in the past has been less than positive and China is a country that values respect and honesty in its value system. China and the USA do not

To what extent did D

745 words - 3 pages After Hungary, Berlin and the Cuban missile crisis the superpowers wanted to reduce international tensions to prevent nuclear war and to cut down military expenditures. But Détente was never amity, only the easing of tensions. The Sino-Soviet split, due to ideological and territorial matters, caused China and the Soviet Union to develop better relationships with America, rather than between each other. Meetings between America and the two

The Dragon and the Magi/ An analysis of China

6155 words - 25 pages , 'The Odd Couple' Joshua C. Ramo, Joshua. The Beijing Consensus. London: Foreign Policy Centre, 2004 J. B. Gentry. "The Dragon and the Magi: Burgeoning Sino-Iranian Relations in the 21st Century." The China and Eurasia Forum Quarterly 3.3 (2005), 120 Zakaria Post-American World, 114 China is extending its influence in Africa through more than just investment, some go so far as to deem it subversion. For example Nigeria was promised 5 million USD

Similar Essays

Sino Us Relations Essay

1674 words - 7 pages wealthiest developed nation and China as the most populous developing country share a special responsibility for the future of humanity. The United States is a superpower, and China is becoming one. But this does not make cold war, much less hot war, inevitable. Rather, it gives both a special responsibility to manage judiciously their power to cause grave harm not only to each other but also to the region and the world. Sino American relations

Sino Us Relations Essay

3890 words - 16 pages Title] Abstract The United States as the strongest and wealthiest developed nation and China as the most populous developing country share a special responsibility for the future of humanity. Sino-American relations will be watched closely by the people of the world during the Twenty-First Century. There are important choices to be made. Making a choice and then working hard to implement it is the way history

Norman Bethune's Impact On Sino Canadian Relations

1657 words - 7 pages In today’s rapidly growing global society, foreign relations with other countries are imperative to a nation’s prosperity and world-wide harmony. Especially with China, the fastest growing country in the world, it is important for Canada to establish relations that can benefit both countries. The foundation of these Sino-Canadian relations was created by Norman Bethune’s involvement in the Second Sino-Japanese War. China was not always such a

Development Of Sino Us Economi Essay

2597 words - 10 pages 25 to July 7, 1998, President Clinton paid a return visit to China at the invitation of President Jiang, the first by an American president in 9 years. The historic exchange of visits is a mew page in the history of Sino-US relations by enhancing understanding, expanding common ground, developing cooperation and achieving the goal of building the future together. And it is the need of common economic benefits of the two countries. China holds a