Sir Francis Drake Was Infamous To Spain, And A Hero

729 words - 3 pages

Sir Francis Drake was infamous to Spain, and a hero to England, born between 1540 and 1545, in southwest England. His father Edmund, was a sailor before settling down and marrying a woman whose name has been lost to history. All that is known about her is that she had twelve sons, of whom Francis was the first or the first to survive, since disease claimed half all sixteenth-century children before their first birthday. Francis grew up during a time of turmoil in Europe. Colonization, religious reform, diseases and starvation plagued the times. He had many influences that drove him to become a seaman, but the most important ones were his father, and a distant cousin John Hawkins a prominent seaman. His father taught him that God is master of all things, and that whatever happens, good or bad is according to his divine plan.When Drake was sixteen, he became a skipper of his own vessel. The North Sea became Drake's new teacher. He met every challenge at sea. He became such a good sailor that his employer, a childless bachelor, remembered him in his will.In 1567, Drake commanded his own ship on a trading expedition to the West Indies. The Spanish attacked the tiny English fleet. In the fight only Drake's ship and one other escaped. After that battle, Drake felt that he had a score to settle with the Spanish. Drake's private feud with Spain fitted in perfect with the plans of Queen Elizabeth, who feared Spanish and Portuguese domination and wealth. The nations of Europe were engaged in a struggle for new lands and for control of the seas. Spain, especially, had rich colonies in America and brought home treasures that made Spain wealthy and powerful.In 1572, Drake landed in Panama with two ships and 73 men. He took the town of Nombre de Dias from the Spanish soldiers captured 30 tons of silver destined for King Philip. When Drake returned to England, he was both rich and famous.In 1577, Drake won the Queen's permission for another expedition to the Pacific Ocean. They reached the Strait...

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