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Sir Philip Sidney's Astrophil And Stella Sonnet 20 Versus Shakespeare's Sonnet 130

1792 words - 7 pages

In Sir Philip Sidney’s Astrophil and Stella Sonnet 20 and William Shakespeare’s Sonnet 130, both are talking about love. Love in a romantic relationship, yet they seem very different from each other. Sir Philip Sidney’s is the traditional Petrarchan sonnet and Shakespeare’s have his own style of sonnet. Take a side on the type of sonnets, the two sonnets shares some more differences. The love object in Astrophil and Stella Sonnet 20 and Sonnet 130 by Shakespeare are very unlike, the former one fits all the conventional beauty and the latter one is opposite; the treatment of love is different as well, Sir Philip Sidney illustrate it in a violence way and Shakespeare describe it in a more comforting way. The major difference is the distance between the persona and the love object. Astrophil and Stella Sonnet 20 is so far away, it is unreachable and Sonnet 130 by Shakespeare is reachable and close enough to see the love object clearly. The two sonnets are so different is many ways, yet they share similarities. They have resemblance themes, which is love is rare and love is lack of judgment. The love relationships in the sonnets are very romantic and only the perspective of love separated them. One choose to see love from a distance, another choose to take a closer look. No matter what approach the poets use or what perspective the poets have, love shares its own nature of being arbitrary and let lovers see what they wanted to see.
For the love object, in Astrophil and Stella Sonnet 20, Stella is a goddess that fits in all the conventional beauty and in Sonnet 130; the mistress is an opposite with Stella. In Astrophil and Stella Sonnet 20, Stella barely exists. “As that sweet black which veils the heavenly eye” (line 7), shows that Stella have a striking eyes, no more details are specified in this sonnet. However, in Shakespeare’s sonnet, he uses comparison to illustrate the persona’s mistress. He compares the persona’s mistress with the conventional beauty. By looking into Shakespeare’s sonnet, both conventional beauty and the person’s mistress uniqueness are shown. “My mistress’ eye are nothing like the sun”(line 1), give you an idea about the conventional beauty of eyes, which is eyes of a beautiful women have to be like the sun, so bright and charming, but person’s mistress does not have it. Another conventional beauty is lips, “coral is far more red than her lips’ red” (line 2). In traditional view, beautiful lips are coral in colour, yet persona’s mistress in Shakespeare’s sonnet does not have it. There are so many features of beauty illustrated in Shakespeare’s sonnets like; the complexion of a woman should be white, blonde hair colour, rosy cheeks, good breath and many more. For the first 12 lines of Shakespeare’s sonnet are describing the conventional beauty that persona’s mistress does not have, while in Astrophil and Stella Sonnet 20, Stella has all of it. The love object in the two sonnets are in opposite yet they are loved. Stella...

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