Thanks to Sir Sandford Fleming, we can travel across states and provinces without straining ourselves on strict schedules. One may ask why we should appreciate him. One of his significant work was establishing the Standard Time, which is very efficient when it comes to travelling across different regions. Other than proposing the Standard Time, he is also recognized for surveying and constructing railroads; and designing Canada's first postage stamp. With the assistance of Fleming, Canada has become more favourable country.
Before Fleming created the Standard Time, people in the 19th century determined the time using the sun. Instead of looking at the clock and knowing the time zone like today, they had to set their clocks to 12 p.m. when the sun reached the highest point. Therefore, if someone travelled to another province by a train, they had to readjust their pocket watch to the appropriate time of a certain province. The unorganized time zone caused great inconvenience for many travellers. Because of the confusion of time changes, "Fleming proposed a standard world time with twenty-four one-hour zones, each covering fifteen degrees of latitude, using one prime meridian to coordinate clocks over the entire globe." When an abundance of people recognized his proposition and supported his idea, the International Meridian Conference was held in Washington, DC in 1884 and initiated to use Fleming's concept of Standard Time. Without Fleming's idea of Standard Time, many tourists who travel across Canada would have missed their trains or planes, making them very distraught. Not only this benefitted Canadians, it also helped other people around the world who lived in a large country, such as United States.
Even before Fleming invented the Standard Time, he provided Canada services with his knowledge of engineering. Before he grasped the understanding of engineering, Fleming emigrated to Canada from Scotland in 1845. When the Canadian government recognized his proficiency in engineering, they chose Fleming to survey routes for a railroad in 1863. After he determined the routes for the tracks that wouldn't face much difficulties, the railroad was successfully built, starting from Quebec City to Halifax. With this, Fleming took a first step of helping many Canadians to travel across the country. He continued to survey the routes and administered to construct railroads as a chief engineer, such as Intercolonial Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway. Although trains are not our first choice to travel across Canada today, but the work of Fleming has assisted many Canadians in the late 1800s to get to their destinations through his work of engineering and surveying.
Although Fleming spent a long time building railroads and determining the routes, Fleming's work did not end there. He also designed Canada's first postage stamp, which is the Three-Penny Beaver in 1851, also the world's first pictorial stamp. Also, the stamp did not have a portrait of...