Winston Churchill was an important figure in history and society during the late 1800’s and 1900’s. Throughout his lifetime, Winston Churchill always wanted to be at the forefront of all the action. This paper will focus on the life of Winston Churchill and his accomplishments as a soldier and war journalist as well as his role in politics and government.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was born on November 30, 1874 in Marlborough, England. He was born the son of Lord Randolph Churchill and Jennie Jerome. His father was a member of the British Parliament and his mother was an American successor. Several years later, Winston Churchill’s brother, Jack, was born. Churchill spent most of his early life with his baby-sitter, Elizabeth Everest, because his parents led a busy lifestyle. Elizabeth Everest became a motherly figure to Winston Churchill. She was his caretaker during and after his numerous illnesses. Once Winston Churchill started to grow up, he no longer needed a baby-sitter or caretaker. Throughout the majority of his lifetime, he and Elizabeth Everest kept in touch. In 1882, at the young age of 8, Churchill was sent off to a boarding school. In 1887, he was given the opportunity to attend Harrow School. In 1893, Churchill was accepted to the Royal Military College. He gladly accepted and when he graduated, he did so near the top of his class. He then received the task of being a cavalry officer. This is the beginning of Winston Churchill’s military career. (Rosenberg, 2014)
The start of Winston Churchill’s military career began with months of basic training. He used his first leave from the military to start writing for a newspaper. He made arrangements to be a war journalist for London’s The Daily Graphic. He wrote about war times and always wanted to be at the scene of action. This was the start to Churchill’s writing career. After his leave expired, Churchill went with the other troops to India. Churchill’s first book written in 1899, The Story of the Malakand Field Force, was based upon his experiences while located in India. He then started writing for a newspaper called The Morning Post while stationed in the Sudan. Like his first book, Churchill based his second book, The River War, on his experiences in the Sudan. After his duties were completed in the Sudan, Churchill was relocated to the Boer War in South Africa where he continued to write for the Morning Post. During the war, he was shot at and taken prisoner. Roughly a month later, he managed to escape and made it to safety. His involvement in the Boer War was the main focus for his third book, London to Ladysmith via Pretoria. (Rosenberg, 2014).When World War I and World War II broke out; Churchill had already warned and prepared the British Navy. He continued to keep a positive attitude and assured everyone of a victory. (Olsen, 2014).
Winston Churchill decided that he wanted to lead a life in politics and government. His first attempt to hold office was running...