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Site Obervation Report

811 words - 4 pages

Many psychologists have studied psychosocial development. The two examples are Jean Piaget (1896 - 1980) and Erik Erikson (1902-1994). Piaget was the first psychologist to efficiently study cognitive development. His work includes a theory of children’s cognitive development, comprehensive observational studies of cognizance in children, and experiments to reveal different cognitive abilities. According to Piaget, children are born with a very basic mental structure which are inherited and then developed. To Piaget, cognitive development was an advanced restructuring of mental procedures as a result of biological maturation and environmental experience (nature-nurture). Children construct ...view middle of the document...

The students were sitting in a six groups of four desks that were adjacent and diagonal to each other. There was supposed to be two girls and two boys but there were more girls in the class the boys so some of the desks had three girls and a boy.
1. “The Preoperational Stage”
At the first group there were two girls and a boy and I instantly recognized one of Piaget’s stages in them. The preoperational stage ranges from children age’s two to seven, where children in this stage can mentally represent events and objects, engage in symbolic play and their thoughts and communications are typically egocentric. The group was the loudest in the class, yet none of them were paying attention or understanding what the other was saying. Every child in the group had an egocentric and only thought about what they wanted to say instead of the other was trying to convey. It got to a point where the teacher had to step in and talk to them in order for them to settle down.
2. “Industry vs. Inferiority”
In the third group I noticed that the kids gave themselves a small cheer and clap when the finished their work before the rest of the class. This marks Erikson fourth stage which states that from six years to puberty, children begin to develop a sense of pride in their accomplishments. They initiate projects, and complete them, and feel good about what...

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