Situation Ethics, Natural Moral Law And Utilitarian Approach To Sexual Ethics Philosophy And Ethics Essay

1607 words - 7 pages

‘Demonstrate The Differences Between The Situation Ethics, Natural Moral Law And Utilitarian Approach To Sexual Ethics.’
In Christianity, sex before marriage is typically scorned. Therefore, Christian youth are advised to don ‘Purity Rings’ which symbolise their pledge to abstain from sex until they are married (however, Ariely claims that providing youth with condoms is more effective as they tend to behave irrationally when aroused and break pledges). The Utilitarian approach would take a consequentialist outlook on this issue. Utilitarian’s are aware that young people are going to engage in sex, iterating that the important thing is to reduce negative consequences (unwanted pregnancies and STDs). Utilitarian’s would support the freedom to have sex before marriage, along with an informative education iterating the ramifications. They may support making the morning after pill available over the counter (although studies highlighted that this led to an increase in casual sex at Christmas parties, a higher rate of STDs and a lack of decreased unwanted pregnancies). The Natural Moral Law approach, however, assess the fact that sex prior to marriage is an apparent good. Many young Christians do believe that pre-marital sex is not an issue within a committed relationship or engaged (as it brings joy and deepens the relationship). However, Aquinas would argue that sex before marriage is not a real good, which come from behaving according to one’s purpose. A primary precept is reproduction, which is only valid within marriage, as it ensures security. Situation Ethics would highlight how love dictates one’s life. Purity rings are not valid within Situation Ethics due to the fact that it preaches the idea that once should be free to choose in any situation. Situationists would ensure that the youth are equipped with condoms on the basis that if they opt to engage in sex they do not obtain a STD or an unwanted pregnancy. If one was committed to a pledge, Situation ethics would allow them to break the pledge.
Homosexuality tends to be an extremely taboo thing in Christianity (possibly due to the fact that God actively condemned the act and punished homosexuals). However, some Christians are more liberal, accepting homosexuality due to Jesus’ teachings about “lov[ing] thy neighbour as thyself”. In fact, Jeffrey John (a CofE vicar in a celibate civil partnership) was the UK’s first “gay bishop”. Singer would apply Preference Utilitarianism (which he claims is more enlightened than religious ethics, so much so he would allow a brother and sister to have sex if they used a condom). Preference Utilitarianism would accept homosexuality, in the UK. Yet, in countries resembling Iran, the religious majority would prefer to ban homosexuality, and Utilitarianism would be required to support this. Preference utilitarianism is far too subjective, with Singer lacking a response to the “tyranny of the majority” criticism. The Natural Moral Law principle would abide by...

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