Situational Leadership Theory
Since there is no special or one precise type of leader, numerous leadership styles and theories have surfaced. This is because a different situations require different type of leadership styles. In many occasions, leadership theories help to predict the best leadership style to employ in a particular situation. This essay seeks explain why situational leadership theory is useful and relevant in developing an effective leadership culture. It is this writers hope that it can be used as a how to guide to enable managers to be more successful.
The basics of situational leader ship theory is that there is no one best style of leadership. One should choose the best leader ship style according to different factors. Leadership is task relevant but the best leaders are those that adapt their style to the job or task. Also the abilities of their employees. Their education, experience, their ability to take responsibility for the job.
Fiedler’s contingency model
There are different situational leadership theories. One such theory known as Fiedler’s Contingency Model. Allen, Plunkett and Attner (2013) stated that fielder believes that the manager’s situation should determine the leadership style that should be used. Fiedler believed that there are three situational variables that should determine the task or employee focus. These are leader employee relationship, task structure and leader position power.
Leader employee relationship
The leader employee relationship is based on how the leader feels that he is accepted. This is measured by mutual confidences, trust and respect that the leader holds. The best relationships will lead to a manager’s success at inspiring or influencing his staff. While the manager with a poor relationship may have to revert to negotiating to get good performance from his workers.
Task structure is about how the job can be broken down into parts. There is structured jobs. These jobs are usually very routine and can be paced, for example a working an assembly line or data entry and the amount of data that can be completed in a day. Then there are unstructured jobs. Professional jobs are usually unstructured. Task orientation will be used most at lower and highest employee orientation.
This is based on positional power. The higher up a manager is the more positional power he or she may have. Things that may determine positional power is what connections one has. What kind of power does he have is it expert, legitimate power, or referent power. These things determine how much influence a manager has inside the organization. The higher up a manager levels have poorer leader member relations.
The advantages of Fiedler’s contingency model is simple that it admits there is no one style of leader ship and each can survive in the right setting. It allows managers to modify factors to become successful. This theory has been studied by researches like...